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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 18, Iss. 7 — Apr. 1, 1979
  • pp: 1073–1078

Whiteness formulas: a selection

Ernst Ganz  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 18, Issue 7, pp. 1073-1078 (1979)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.18.001073


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Abstract

Experience in assessing whiteness and industrial requirements is considered in the selection of whiteness formulas. The problems set by the photometry of fluorescent samples and the calorimetric prerequisites delimit the choice. A standard whiteness formula of neutral hue preference is proposed. Two supplementary whiteness formulas of green and red hue preference, respectively, are added. The feasibility of a complete characterization of white samples by whiteness, tint, and luminance factor is discussed.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: November 20, 1978
Published: April 1, 1979

Citation
Ernst Ganz, "Whiteness formulas: a selection," Appl. Opt. 18, 1073-1078 (1979)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-18-7-1073


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References

  1. D. Eitle, E. Ganz, Textilveredlung 3, 389 (1968).
  2. F. Grum, “Use of True Reflectance and Fluorescence for Color Evaluation of Achromatic and Chromatic Fluorescent Materials,” in Proceedings of the Seventeenth Session CIE (Bureau Central de la CIE, Paris, 1972), p. 71.22.
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  12. A. S. Stenius, Farbe26, in press.
  13. A. Berger, Farbe26, in press.
  14. G. Anders, C. Daul, Textilveredlung 5, 211 (1970).

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