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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 1980
  • pp: 2742–2744

Blood on the Shroud of Turin

John H. Heller and Alan D. Adler  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 19, Issue 16, pp. 2742-2744 (1980)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.19.002742


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Abstract

By spectroscopic and chemical tests (conversion of heme to a porphyrin), we have identified the presence of blood in the alleged blood areas of the Shroud of Turin.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 4, 1980
Published: August 15, 1980

Citation
John H. Heller and Alan D. Adler, "Blood on the Shroud of Turin," Appl. Opt. 19, 2742-2744 (1980)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-19-16-2742


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References

  1. B. J. Culliton, Science 201, 235 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. A. Morris, L. A. Schwalbe, J. R. London, Los Alamos; in press.
  3. We wish to express our indebtedness to Joseph Gall at Yale for access to his instrumentation and his assistance in these measurements.
  4. M. Gouterman, in The Porphyrins, Vol. 3, Part A, D. Dolphin, Ed. (Academic, New York, 1979), pp. 1–165.
  5. F. Adar, in Ref. 4, pp. 167–207.
  6. R. Lemberg, J. W. Legge, Hematin Compounds and Bile Pigments (Interscience, New York, 1949), pp. 207–229.
  7. B. F. Cameron, P. George, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 194, 16 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Kortum, Reflectance Spectroscopy (Springer, New York, 1969), pp. 103–126. [CrossRef]
  9. R. Gilbert, M. M. Gilbert, Oriel Corp;and S. F. Pellicori, Santa Barbara Research Institute; personal communications; to be published elsewhere.
  10. P. L. Kirk, Crime Investigation (Wiley, New York, 1974), pp. 182–195.
  11. P. George, Adv. Catal. 4, 367 (1952). [CrossRef]
  12. J. E. Falk, Porphyrins and Metalloporphyrins (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1964), pp. 129–132.

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