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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 18 — Sep. 15, 1980
  • pp: 3173–3177

Frequency stabilization of a 0.633-μm He–Ne longitudinal Zeeman laser

T. Baer, F. V. Kowalski, and J. L. Hall  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 3173-3177 (1980)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.19.003173


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Abstract

A new method of stabilizing the output frequency of a He–Ne laser in a longitudinal magnetic field has been developed. With simple modifications to a standard He–Ne laser tube we obtain a frequency stability of <1 MHz (<10−9) for an averaging time of 1 sec and a long term (5 months) frequency reproducibility of ~±1 MHz.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 3, 1980
Published: September 15, 1980

Citation
T. Baer, F. V. Kowalski, and J. L. Hall, "Frequency stabilization of a 0.633-μm He–Ne longitudinal Zeeman laser," Appl. Opt. 19, 3173-3177 (1980)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-19-18-3173


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References

  1. W. Culshaw, J. Kannelaud, Phys. Rev. A: 136, 1209 (1964).
  2. W. J. Tomlinson, R. L. Fork, Phys. Rev. 164, 466 (1967). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Sargeant, W. E. Lamb, R. L. Fork, Phys. Rev. 164, 436 (1967); M. Sargeant, W. E. Lamb, R. L. Fork, Phys. Rev. 164, 450 (1967). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Sargeant, M. O. Scully, W. E. Lamb, Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass.1974), Chap. 12.
  5. M. I. Dyakonov, Sov. Phys. JETP 22, 812 (1966).
  6. M. I. Dyakonov, V. I. Perel, Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 298 (1966).
  7. N. Umeda, M. Tsukiji, H. Takasaki, Appl. Opt. 19, 442 (1980) and references therein. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. G. Schweitzer, E. G. Kessler, R. D. Deslattes, H. P. Layer, J. R. Whetstone, Appl. Opt. 12, 2927 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. E. Moore, “Atomic Energy Levels,” Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. Circ. 467 (1949).
  10. We used a Spectra-Physics model 155. Our use and specific mention of this product do not imply that it is the most suitable for our work or that similar products from other venders would be less suitable.
  11. A related technique was used by G. Kramer, C. O. Weiss, J. Helmcke, Z. Naturforsch. Teil A: 30, 1128 (1975). Reversible counting has also been used for phase-locking in some of the JILA CH4-stabilized laser work.
  12. D. W. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966). [CrossRef]
  13. The Allan variance for n = 2 is equivalent toσ(τ)=1fA·[1N−1∑i=1N−1(fi+1−fi)2]1/2,where fA is the mean laser frequency, N is the number of immediately successive frequency measurements taken, and fi is the ith frequency measurement taken by counting during an interval τ.
  14. Comité Consultatif pour la Définition du Mètre (CCDM), 5th Session, June 1973 (Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Sevres, France 92310, 1973), p. M26.
  15. Ref. 14, p. M58.
  16. G. H. Mikhnenko, E. D. Protsenko, E. D. Sendöl, Opt. Spektrosk. 32, 809 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 32, 425 (1972)]. Quoted by Ref. 14, p. M40.
  17. N. A. Kalinine, Izmer. Tech. 12, 27 (1968). Quoted by Ref. 14, p. M40.
  18. J. L. Hall, S. A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 367 (1976).
  19. For example, Lamb-dip stabilization is commercially represented by the Spectra-Physics model 119 laser. Stabilization of an internal mirror laser in zero-magnetic field so that adjacent orthogonally polarized modes (linear polarization) have a fixed intensity ratio is represented commercially by the Tropel model 100. See, e.g., R. Balhorn, H. Kunzmann, F. Lebowsky, Appl. Opt. 11, 742 (1972); and PTB Report ME-13 (Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, W. Germany, 1977), p. 115. Stabilization of an internal mirror laser in a finite magnetic field so that the two circularly polarized laser oscillations have the same amplitude is represented commercially by the Hewlett-Packard model 5526A. Mention of these products is for technical orientation and does not constitute an endorsement. [CrossRef]

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