OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 3 — Feb. 1, 1980
  • pp: 339–346

Utilization of solar radiation by polar animals: an optical model for pelts

R. E. Grojean, J. A. Sousa, and M. C. Henry  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 339-346 (1980)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.19.000339


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1406 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A summary of existing passive solar-heat conversion panels provides the basis for a definition of an ideal passive solar-heat converter. Evidence for the existence of a biological greenhouse effect in certain homopolar homeothermic species is reviewed. The thermal and optical properties of homeothermic pelts, in particular those of the polar bear, are described, and a qualitative optical model of the polar bear pelt is proposed. The effectiveness of polar bear and seal pelts as solar-heat converters is discussed, and comparison is made with the ideal converter.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: July 21, 1979
Published: February 1, 1980

Citation
R. E. Grojean, J. A. Sousa, and M. C. Henry, "Utilization of solar radiation by polar animals: an optical model for pelts," Appl. Opt. 19, 339-346 (1980)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-19-3-339


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. N. A. Øritsland, “Energetic Significance of Absorption of Solar Radiation in Polar Homeotherms,” in Antarctic Ecology, Vol. 1, M. W. Holgate, Ed. (Academic, New York, 1970).
  2. N. A. Øritsland, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 40, 359 (1971). [CrossRef]
  3. N. A. Øritsland, K. Roland, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 44, 519 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. A. Øritsland, J. Theor. Biol. 47, 413 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Krog, Physiol. Plant. 8, 836 (1955). [CrossRef]
  6. D. M. Lavigne, Polar Rec. 18, No. 114, 269 (1976). [CrossRef]
  7. D. M. Lavigne, N. A. Øritsland, Nature 251, 218 (1974). [CrossRef]
  8. D. M. Lavigne, N. A. Øritsland, Can. J. Zool. 52, 939 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Kawalski, Ph.D. Thesis, U. Wisconsin (1978).
  10. J. T. Hammel, Am. J. Physiol. 182, 369 (1955). [PubMed]
  11. R. T. Tregear, J. Appl. Physiol. 20, 796 (1965). [PubMed]
  12. Rayleigh, Philos. Mag. 36, 365 (1918). [CrossRef]
  13. J. R. Wait, Can. J. Phys. 33, 189 (1955). [CrossRef]
  14. R. A. Lewin, P. T. Robinson, Nature278, in press (29March1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. E. Grojean, J. A. Sousa, M. C. Henry, “The Efficacy of Solar Conversion in a Polar Environment,” to be published.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited