Test patterns in the form of diffraction gratings are used for testing and monitoring linewidths on integrated circuit structures. The first and second diffraction orders produed by a laser beam are evaluated to give the width of the grating lines. Measurements on chrome masks show that this technique is accurate to 5% down to linewidths of 0.5 μm. The design of a test set for factory type mask testing is presented. Also, experiments are reported on the testing of patterns on Si wafers directly after. photoresist development and after various etching steps, and an automatic setup for rapid testing of wafers is described.
© 1980 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 21, 1979
Published: February 15, 1980
H. P. Kleinknecht and H. Meier, "Linewidth measurement on IC masks and wafers by grating test patterns," Appl. Opt. 19, 525-533 (1980)