Propagating beam solutions for optical waveguides can be made to generate such mode-related properties as propagation constants, relative mode powers, and group delays with high precision and considerable flexibility. These quantities are needed in the analysis of optical fiber dispersion. The technique requires the generation of correlation functions from the numerical solutions of a wave equation. These correlation functions are in turn Fourier-transformed with respect to axial distance z. The resulting spectra display sharp resonances corresponding to mode groups, and the positions and heights of these resonances determine the previously mentioned mode properties. The spectral analysis is made highly accurate by the use of line-shape fitting techniques. With this method, mode group delays can be determined to a precision of ±0.12 psec/km using a computation covering a 5-cm propagation path.
© 1980 Optical Society of America
M. D. Feit and J. A. Fleck, Jr., "Computation of mode properties in optical fiber waveguides by a propagating beam method," Appl. Opt. 19, 1154-1164 (1980)