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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 20, Iss. 15 — Aug. 1, 1981
  • pp: 2635–2642

Single sideband Ronchi test

J. Schwider  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 20, Issue 15, pp. 2635-2642 (1981)

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A new lateral shear interferometer based on the Ronchi grating is proposed. The normal Ronchi test is impaired by multiple beam interference (Talbot effect). Furthermore, the fringe pattern is somewhat restricted by fringe number and orientation. The new shear interferometer suppresses the Talbot effect by spatial filtering and by using a second grating enables arbitrary fringe orientation and number.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: December 19, 1980
Published: August 1, 1981

J. Schwider, "Single sideband Ronchi test," Appl. Opt. 20, 2635-2642 (1981)

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  1. D. Malacara, Optical Shop Testing (Wiley, New York, 1979).
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  16. It should be noted that a grating having an amplitude transparency of t = cos(ωx0) would also fulfill the condition. The fabrication of such a grating, however, is a serious technological problem.
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  18. This treatment enables a deeper insight into the fringe formation and furnishes an explanation for the fringe shift caused by axial movements of grating G2.

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