OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 20, Iss. 18 — Sep. 15, 1981
  • pp: 3238–3244

Images of phase edges in conventional and scanning optical microscopes

T. Wilson  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 20, Issue 18, pp. 3238-3244 (1981)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (718 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The images of strong phase edges are calculated for conventional and confocal microscopes operating in the bright-field, dark-field, Zernike, and interference contrast modes by a method which has considerable computational advantages. It is found that in general the confocal images are superior possessing higher contrast than the conventional ones, and the equivalence with the direct view microscope is discussed.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: March 2, 1981
Published: September 15, 1981

T. Wilson, "Images of phase edges in conventional and scanning optical microscopes," Appl. Opt. 20, 3238-3244 (1981)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. H. Hopkins, Proc. Phys. Soc. 66, 331 (1953). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1975).
  3. M. E. Barnett, J. Microsc. Oxford 102, 1 (1974). [CrossRef]
  4. W. T. Welford, J. Microsc. Oxford 96, 105 (1972). [CrossRef]
  5. T. Wilson, Appl. Phys. 22, 119 (1980). [CrossRef]
  6. C. J. R. Sheppard, A. Choudhury, Opt. Acta 24, 1051 (1977). [CrossRef]
  7. C. J. R. Sheppard, T. Wilson, Optik 55, 331 (1979).
  8. C. J. R. Sheppard, T. Wilson, Opt. Acta 25, 315 (1978). [CrossRef]
  9. T. Wilson, J. N. Gannaway, Optik, 54, 201 (1979).
  10. M. Abromowitz, I. A. Stegun, Eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover, New York, 1972).
  11. H. Wolter, Ann. Phys. 6, 33 (1950). [CrossRef]
  12. T. Wilson, C. J. R. Sheppard, Optik, in press (1981).
  13. K. G. Birch, Opt. Acta 15, 113 (1968).
  14. See, e.g., J. James, Light Microscopic Techniques in Biology and Medicine (Martinas Nijhoff Medical Division, Amsterdam, 1976). [CrossRef]
  15. C. J. R. Sheppard, T. Wilson, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 295, 513 (1980). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Wilson, C. J. R. Sheppard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1443 (1979).
  17. M. D. Egger, M. Petrán, Science 157, 305 (1967). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. J. R. Sheppard, T. Wilson, J. Microsc. Oxford (1981) in press.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited