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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 20, Iss. 21 — Nov. 1, 1981
  • pp: 3733–3754

Luminescent solar concentrators. 2: Experimental and theoretical analysis of their possible efficiencies

J. S. Batchelder, A. H. Zewail, and T. Cole  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 20, Issue 21, pp. 3733-3754 (1981)

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Experimental techniques are developed to determine the applicability of a particular luminescing center for use in a luminescent solar concentrator (LSC). The relevant steady-state characteristics of eighteen common organic laser dyes are given. The relative spectral homogeneity of such dyes are shown to depend upon the surrounding material using narrowband laser excitation. We developed three independent techniques for measuring self-absorption rates; these are time-resolved emission, steady-state polarization anisotropy, and spectral convolution. Preliminary dye degradation and prototype efficiency measurements are included. Finally, we give simple relationships relating the efficiency and gain of an LSC to key spectroscopic parameters of its constituents.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: June 8, 1981
Published: November 1, 1981

J. S. Batchelder, A. H. Zewail, and T. Cole, "Luminescent solar concentrators. 2: Experimental and theoretical analysis of their possible efficiencies," Appl. Opt. 20, 3733-3754 (1981)

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  1. J. S. Batchelder, A. H. Zewail, T. Cole, Appl. Opt. 18, 3090 (1979) and references therein. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Exciton Chemical Co., Inc., P.O. Box 3204, Overlook Station, Dayton, Ohio 45431.
  3. Acrilex, Inc., 8 Hope Street, Jersey City, N.J. 07307.
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  5. R. J. Robbins, D. M. Millar, A. H. Zewail, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 3649 (1981). [A brief description of the apparatus appears in R. J. Robbins, D. P. Millar, and A. H. Zewail, Picosecond Phenomena II, Springer Topics in Chemical Physics 14, R. M. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, and C. V. Shank, Eds. (Springer, Berlin, 1980).] [CrossRef]
  6. D. Beer, J. Weber, Opt. Commun. 5, 307 (1972). [CrossRef]
  7. R. E. Sah, G. Baur, H. Keller, Appl. Phys. 23, 369 (1980). [CrossRef]
  8. For a planar LSC a characteristic path length can be defined that reduces the 3-D problem to a pseudo-1-D problem.
  9. J. N. Demas, G. A. Crosby, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 991 (1971). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Tao, Biopolymers 8, 609 (1969). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Von Jena, H. E. Lessing, Chem. Phys. 40, 245 (1979). [CrossRef]
  12. J. S. Batchelder, Ph.D. thesis, Calif. Inst. Tech. (1981).

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