A simple inexpensive modulator based on a combination of the photorefractive and electrooptic effects in Ti:in-diffused LiNbO3 waveguides is demonstrated.
© 1981 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: June 27, 1981
Published: December 1, 1981
W. S. Goruk, P. J. Vella, R. Normandin, and G. I. Stegeman, "Electrooptic-photorefractive modulation in Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides," Appl. Opt. 20, 4024-4027 (1981)