Various methods of correlation analysis that have been used to deduce crosswind from a drifting scintillation pattern are briefly described and then compared with regard to their immunity to noise and their accuracy when faced with nonuniformities along the propagation path or changes in the characteristics of the turbulence. Of the techniques considered, none is ideal; but a new technique, using complete knowledge of the cross-covariance function, proves to be advantageous in a wide variety of situations.
Ting-i Wang, G. R. Ochs, and R. S. Lawrence, "Wind measurements by the temporal cross-correlation of the optical scintillations," Appl. Opt. 20, 4073-4081 (1981)