A resonator with an internal lens can be characterized by its equivalent g-parameters which give the regions of stability if the lens has variable focal length. However, other properties are not given by this equivalence and have to be investigated by means of the resonator matrix method. Beam diameter, divergence angle, number of transversal modes, positions of beam waists, stability, and the correlations of these parameters with position and focal length of the internal lens are discussed. Regions of low sensitivity to variations of the focal length are evaluated and compared with experimental results. For some special resonator configurations numerical results are presented.
© 1981 Optical Society of America
H. P. Kortz, R. Iffländer, and H. Weber, "Stability and beam divergence of multimode lasers with internal variable lenses," Appl. Opt. 20, 4124-4134 (1981)