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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 20, Iss. 24 — Dec. 15, 1981
  • pp: 4175–4180

Clear water radiances for atmospheric correction of coastal zone color scanner imagery

Howard R. Gordon and Dennis K. Clark  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 20, Issue 24, pp. 4175-4180 (1981)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.20.004175


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Abstract

The possibility that the inherent sea surface spectral radiance of clear water can be computed in the green, yellow, and red regions of the spectrum solely from a knowledge of the solar zenith angle is developed in detail. This concept is tested with experimental data, and the results indicate that the normalized inherent sea surface spectral radiance is constant to within ~10% for Morel’s Case 1 waters as long as the phytoplankton pigment concentration does not exceed 0.25 mg/m3. In the same conditions the radiance at 670 nm is <0.012 mW/cm2μm sr. A scheme to implement this clear water radiance concept for atmospheric correction of CZCS imagery is presented.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 30, 1981
Published: December 15, 1981

Citation
Howard R. Gordon and Dennis K. Clark, "Clear water radiances for atmospheric correction of coastal zone color scanner imagery," Appl. Opt. 20, 4175-4180 (1981)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-20-24-4175


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References

  1. W. A. Hovis, D. K. Clark, F. Anderson, R. W. Austin, W. H. Wilson, E. T. Baker, D. Ball, H. R. Gordon, J. L. Mueller, S. Y. El Sayed, B. Sturm, R. C. Wrigley, C. S. Yentsch, Science 210, 60 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. R. Gordon, D. K. Clark, J. L. Mueller, W. A. Hovis, Science 210, 63 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  10. S. Q. Duntley, W. H. Wilson, C. F. Edgerton, “Detection of Ocean Chlorophyll from Earth Orbit,” in Ocean Color Analysis, S. Q. Duntley, R. W. Austin, W. W. Wilson, C. F. Edgerton, S. E. Moran, Eds. (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, U. California at San Diego, 1974), SIO Ref. 74–10.
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  13. H. R. Gordon, D. K. Clark, Boundary Layer Meteorol. 18, 299 (1980). [CrossRef]
  14. D. K. Clark, E. T. Baker, A. E. Strong, Boundary Layer Meteorol. 18, 287 (1980). [CrossRef]
  15. D. K. Clark, “Phytoplankton Pigment Algorithms for the Nimbus-7 CZCS,” at COSPAR/SCOR/IUCRM Symposium Oceanography from Space, Venice, Italy, 26–30 May 1980.
  16. C. S. Yentsch, D. W. Menzel, Deep Sea Res. 10, 221 (1963).
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