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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 21, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 1982
  • pp: 2432–2435

Laser beam power fade induced by system and atmospheric effects

U. Halavee, M. Tamir, and E. Azoulay  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 21, Issue 13, pp. 2432-2435 (1982)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.21.002432


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Abstract

A simple model for the propagation of laser beams in a turbulent atmosphere is presented. Closed analytical expressions, suitable for system research and real-time analysis of field experiments, are obtained for the probability of the intercepted power to exceed a certain threshold level. A hierarchy of approximations is described and the validity range of each is discussed.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 11, 1982
Published: July 1, 1982

Citation
U. Halavee, M. Tamir, and E. Azoulay, "Laser beam power fade induced by system and atmospheric effects," Appl. Opt. 21, 2432-2435 (1982)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-21-13-2432


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References

  1. For example, R. A. McClatchey, J. E. A. Selby, Environmental Research Paper 460, AFCRL-TR-74-0003 (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Bedford, Mass., 1974).
  2. R. Esposito, Proc. IEEE 55, 1533 (1967). [CrossRef]
  3. D. L. Fried, Appl. Opt. 12, 422 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. J. Titterton, Appl. Opt. 12, 423 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. A. Taklaya, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 517 (1977). [CrossRef]
  6. A. A. Taklaya, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 85 (1978). [CrossRef]
  7. R. S. Lawrence, J. W. Strohbehn, Proc. IEEE 58, 1523 (1970). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Tamir, U. Halavee, E. Azoulay, Appl. Opt. 20, 734 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. L. Fante, Proc. IEEE 63, 1669 (1975). [CrossRef]
  10. V. I. Tatarski, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).
  11. A. Ishimaru, in Laser Beam Propagation in the Atmosphere, J. W. Strohbehn, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1978).
  12. We have found experimentally that Eq. (14) is accurate for values of σ12 slightly >0.5 (i.e., even when the probability distribution function deviates from the lognormal distribution). Since in practice one is interested in the cumulative distribution, this fact is of great importance.
  13. M. Abramowitz, I. A. Stegun, Eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover, New York, 1965).
  14. For example, J. Abele, H. Raidt, W. Jessen, R. Kirschmer, in AGARD Conf. Proc. 238, (1978).

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