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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 1982
  • pp: 2936–2939

High-contrast sets of colors

Robert C. Carter and Ellen C. Carter  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 21, Issue 16, pp. 2936-2939 (1982)

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A method is presented for choosing high-contrast sets of colors for additive color mixers (e.g., CRT). The method is based on data about target-location performance of human observers and adapts the color sets to the gamut of the color processor in use. The method produces any specified number of colors spread as far from each other as possible in color space to maximize contrast. Applications of high-contrast sets of colors are indicated, illustrative results are presented and discussed, and variations of the method are suggested.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: March 20, 1982
Published: August 15, 1982

Robert C. Carter and Ellen C. Carter, "High-contrast sets of colors," Appl. Opt. 21, 2936-2939 (1982)

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  1. K. L. Kelly, Color Eng. 3, 26 (1965).
  2. E. C. Carter, R. C. Carter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 723 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Figure 1 is from R. C. Carter, Visual Search with Color (Pennsylvania State U., 1979) and is based on the data of L. G. Williams, “A Study of Visual Search Using Eye Movement Recordings,” Honeywell 12009-IR (Honeywell Systems and Research Center, Minneapolis, Minn., 1967).
  4. A. Robertson, Color Res. Appl. 2, 7 (1977).
  5. W. W. Farley, J. C. Gutmann, Digital Image Processing Systems and an Approach to the Display of Colors of Specified Chrominance (Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va., 1980).
  6. K. L. Kelly, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 627 (1943). [CrossRef]
  7. A fortran computer program which implements this method is available from the authors. This work was supported by the Naval Ocean Systems Center, San Diego, Calif.; Ross Pepper, project monitor.

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