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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 21, Iss. 20 — Oct. 15, 1982
  • pp: 3792–3798

Transmission, backscattering, and depolarization of waves in randomly distributed spherical particles

Rudolf Lap-Tung Cheung and Akira Ishimaru  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 21, Issue 20, pp. 3792-3798 (1982)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.21.003792


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Abstract

General formulations are given for the multiple scattering of a polarized wave incident upon a slab of randomly distributed spherical particles. The radiative transfer equation with Stokes vectors is decomposed into Fourier components, and they are shown for linearly and circularly polarized incident wave. For linear polarization, the copolarized and cross-polarized incoherent intensities show sinusoidal variations with the azimuthal angle. The degree of polarization is also calculated for various directions and optical thickness. The calculations are made for optical waves at 5, 10, and 15 μm in fog and compared with the first-order scattering calculations.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: July 8, 1982
Published: October 15, 1982

Citation
Rudolf Lap-Tung Cheung and Akira Ishimaru, "Transmission, backscattering, and depolarization of waves in randomly distributed spherical particles," Appl. Opt. 21, 3792-3798 (1982)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-21-20-3792


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References

  1. A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media, Vol. 1 (Academic, New York, 1978).
  2. A. Ishimaru, “Multiple Scattering Effects on Optical Propagation in Turbulence and Particles,” in AGARD Conf. Proc. 300 (Optical Communication, Technical Editing and Reproduction, Hanford House, London, 1981), pp. 4-1–4-12.
  3. A. Ishimaru, Opt. Eng. 20, 63 (1981). [CrossRef]
  4. H. C. van de Hulst, Multiple Light Scattering, Vol. 2 (Academic, New York, 1980).
  5. S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Clarendon, Oxford, 1950).
  6. D. Deirmendjian, Electromagnetic Scattering on Spherical Polydispersions (Elsevier, New York, 1969).
  7. R. L.-T. Cheung, “Millimeter and Optical Waves in Rain and Fog,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Electrical Engineering Department, U. Washington, Seattle, 98195 (1981).
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  9. A. Ishimaru, R. L.-T. Cheung, Radio Sci. 15, 507 (1980b). [CrossRef]
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  12. A. I. Carswell, “Laboratory Measurements of Light Propagation in Turbid Media,” in AGARD Conf. Proc. 300 (Optical Communication, Technical Editing and Reproduction, Hanford House, London, 1981), pp. 17-1–17-9.
  13. A. Ishimaru, R. T. Woo, J. A. Armstrong, D. Cheng, to appear in Radio Science (special issue on NASA Propagation Studies).
  14. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).
  15. M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light (Academic, New York, 1969).
  16. G. C. Moordian, M. Geller, L. B. Stotts, D. H. Stephens, R. A. Krautwald, Appl. Opt. 18, 429 (1979). [CrossRef]

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