OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 1982
  • pp: 1052–1056

Distributed-index planar microlens

M. Oikawa and K. Iga  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 1052-1056 (1982)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (737 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Planar technology has been used to make a microlens array monolithically. By selectively diffusing a dopant into the planar substrate a distributed-index planar microlens has been realized. The monomer exchange technique for the plastic substrate and ion exchange and electromigration techniques for the glass substrate are used. In particular a 2-D planar microlens array was fabricated in a glass substrate. Each microlens was 1.2 mm in diameter and the focal length was 9.4 mm. The focused spot of the collimated He–Ne laser beam was as small as 17 μmϕ.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: September 4, 1981
Published: March 15, 1982

M. Oikawa and K. Iga, "Distributed-index planar microlens," Appl. Opt. 21, 1052-1056 (1982)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Iga, Appl. Opt. 19, 1039 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Saruwatari, T. Sugie, Electron. Lett. 16, 955 (1980). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion (Clarendon, Oxford, 1975).
  4. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975).
  5. T. Imamura, Physics and Green’s Function (wanami, Tokyo, 1978), in Japanese.
  6. E. W. Marchand, Gradient Index Optics (Academic, New York, 1978).
  7. Y. Ohtsuka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 247 (1973). [CrossRef]
  8. K. Iga, K. Yokomori, T. Sakayori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 578 (1975). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Iga, N. Yamamoto, Appl. Opt. 16, 1305 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, in Proceedings, First Conference Solid State DevicesTokyo, 1969); O. Buturi, J. Jpn. Soc. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 39, 63 (1970).
  11. H. Kawanishi, Y. Suematsu, Trans. IECE Jpn. E60, 231 (1977).
  12. J. Koyama, H. Nishihara, Opto-Electronics Engineering (Corona, Tokyo, 1978), in Japanese.
  13. T. Izawa, H. Nakagome, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 584 (1972). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited