OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1983
  • pp: 20–36

Phytoplankton pigment concentrations in the Middle Atlantic Bight: comparison of ship determinations and CZCS estimates

Howard R. Gordon, Dennis K. Clark, James W. Brown, Otis B. Brown, Robert H. Evans, and William W. Broenkow  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 20-36 (1983)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.22.000020


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3517 KB) Open Access





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The processing algorithms used for relating the apparent color of the ocean observed with the Coastal-Zone Color Scanner on Nimbus-7 to the concentration of phytoplankton pigments (principally the pigment responsible for photosynthesis, chlorophyll a) are developed and discussed in detail. These algorithms are applied to the shelf and slope waters of the Middle Atlantic Bight and also to Sargasso Sea waters. In all, four images are examined, and the resulting pigment concentrations are compared to continuous measurements made along ship tracks. The results suggest that over the 0.08–1.5-mg/m3 range the error in the retrieved pigment concentration is of the order of 30–40% for a variety of atmospheric turbidities. In three direct comparisons between ship-measured and satellite-retrieved values of the water-leaving radiance the atmospheric correction algorithm retrieved the water-leaving radiance with an average error of ~10%. This atmospheric correction algorithm does not require any surface measurements for its application.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 8, 1982
Published: January 1, 1983

Citation
Howard R. Gordon, Dennis K. Clark, James W. Brown, Otis B. Brown, Robert H. Evans, and William W. Broenkow, "Phytoplankton pigment concentrations in the Middle Atlantic Bight: comparison of ship determinations and CZCS estimates," Appl. Opt. 22, 20-36 (1983)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-22-1-20


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. W. A. Hovis, D. K. Clark, F. Anderson, R. W. Austin, W. H. Wilson, E. T. Baker, D. Ball, H. R. Gordon, J. L. Mueller, S. Y. El Sayed, B. Sturm, R. C. Wrigley, C. S. Yentsch, Science 210, 60 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. R. Gordon, D. K. Clark, J. L. Mueller, W. A. Hovis, Science 210, 63 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. R. Gordon, D. K. Clark, Boundary Layer Meteorol. 18, 299 (1980). [CrossRef]
  4. D. K. Clark, “Phytoplankton Pigment Algorithms for the Nimbus-7 CZCS,” in Oceanography From Space, J. F. R. Gower, Ed. (Plenum, New York, 1981), pp. 227–237. [CrossRef]
  5. H. R. Gordon, D. K. Clark, Appl. Opt. 20, 4175 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. R. Gordon, Appl. Opt. 17, 1631 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. R. Gordon, J. L. Mueller, R. C. Wrigley, “Atmospheric Correction of Nimbus-7 Coastal Zone Color Scanner Imagery,” in Remote Sensing of Atmospheres and Oceans, A. Deepak, Ed. (Academic, New York, 1980), pp. 457–483. [CrossRef]
  8. D. Tanre, M. Herman, P. Y. Deschamps, A. de Leffe, Appl. Opt. 18, 3587 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Cox, W. Munk, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 838 (1954). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Quenzel, M. Kaestner, Appl. Opt. 19, 1338 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. C. Smith, W. H. Wilson, “Bio-optical Research in the Southern California Bight,” in Oceanography from Space, J. F. R. Gower, Ed. (Plenum, New York, 1981), pp. 281–294. [CrossRef]
  12. H. R. Gordon, Appl. Opt. 20, 207 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Labs, H. Neckel, Sol. Phys. 15, 79 (1970). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Neckel, D. Labs, Sol. Phys. 74, 231 (1981). [CrossRef]
  15. G. K. Clarke, G. C. Ewing, C. J. Lorenzen, Science 167, 1119 (1970). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. C. Arvesen, J. P. Millard, E. C. Weaver, Astronaut. Acta 18, 229 (1973).
  17. T. Platt, K. L. Denman, A. D. Jassby, “Modeling the Productivity of Phytoplankton,” in The Sea, Vol. 6, E. D. Goldberg, I. N. McCave, J. J. O’Brien, J. H. Steele (Interscience, New York, 1975), Chap. 21.
  18. D. K. Clark, E. T. Baker, A. E. Strong, Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 18, 287 (1980). [CrossRef]
  19. C. S. Yentsch, D. W. Menzel, Deep Sea Res. 10, 221 (1963).
  20. O. G. Holm-Hansen, C. J. Lorenzen, R. W. Holmes, J. D. H. Strickland, J. Cons. Perm. Int. Explor. Mer 30, 3 (1965).
  21. R. W. Austin, “The Remote Sensing of Spectral Radiance from below the Ocean Surface,” in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, N. G. Jerlov, E. Steeman Neilsen, Eds. (Academic, London, 1974), pp. 317–344.
  22. H. R. Gordon, D. K. Clark, Appl. Opt. 19, 3428 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. H. R. Gordon, W. R. McCluney, Appl. Opt. 14, 413 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Morel, L. Prieur, Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709 (1977). [CrossRef]
  25. A. Morel, Boundary Layer Meteorol. 18, 177 (1980). [CrossRef]
  26. H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, M. M. Jacobs, Appl. Opt. 14, 417 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. H. R. Gordon, D. K. Clark, J. W. Brown, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. Mar. Res. 40, 491 (1982).
  28. A. Morel, H. R. Gordon, Boundary Layer Meteorol. 18, 343 (1980). [CrossRef]
  29. G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, F. E. Catchings, Appl. Opt. 12, 314 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. W. J. Wiscombe, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 16, 637 (1976). [CrossRef]
  31. G. W. Kattawar, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 15, 839 (1975). [CrossRef]
  32. D. Deirmendjian, Electromagnetic Scattering on Spherical Polydispersions (Elsevier, New York, 1969).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited