OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 10 — May. 15, 1983
  • pp: 1479–1496

Planar volume phase holograms formed in bleached photographic emulsions

R. R. A. Syms and L. Solymar  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 10, pp. 1479-1496 (1983)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.22.001479


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2477 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Volume phase holograms are formed by a standard process in commercially available photographic emulsion. The material is characterized before recording, and initial experimental results are presented for reconstruction under index-matched conditions. An initial comparison is made using two-wave coupled-wave theory and a technique of curve fitting with experimental measurements of transmission and diffraction efficiency. The model works well close to the Bragg condition, but several differences are noted between theory and experiment away from the Bragg condition. An anomalous absorptive effect is noted in transmission. An improved model is then formulated, again using coupled-wave theory, and capable of analytic solution, taking into account phase and absorption modulation, a second harmonic in the grating profile and the appearance of some higher diffraction orders. Using this model, all the initial experimental results are satisfactorily explained, and the effect of spurious gratings in the hologram response is noted. The model is then used with an extensive set of experimental results to deduce the major characteristics of the material, including saturation of the modulation with exposure. The formulation of a mixed grating and possible dispersion of the modulation are also investigated. Suggestions are made for the design of more complicated components using this material and for material improvement.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: September 29, 1983
Published: May 15, 1983

Citation
R. R. A. Syms and L. Solymar, "Planar volume phase holograms formed in bleached photographic emulsions," Appl. Opt. 22, 1479-1496 (1983)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-22-10-1479


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. H. Close, Opt. Eng. 14, 408 (1975). [CrossRef]
  2. W. C. Sweatt, Appl. Opt. 17, 1220 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. R. Latta, R. V. Pole, Appl. Opt. 18, 2418 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. O. D. D. Soares, Opt. Eng. 20, 740 (1981). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Nishihara, S. Inohara, T. Suhara, J. Koyama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-11, 794 (1975). [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Horner, J. E. Ludman, Appl. Opt. 20, 1845 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W-H. Lee, Appl. Opt. 16, 1392 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. T. Welford, Opt. Commun. 14, 322 (1975). [CrossRef]
  9. J. N. Latta, Appl. Opt. 10, 2698 (1971). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. W. Holloway, R. A. Ferrante, Appl. Opt. 20, 2081 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Kogelnik, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  12. B. J. Chang, Proc. Soc. Photo. Opt. Instrum. Eng. 177, 71 (1979).
  13. A. Graube, Appl. Opt. 13, 2942 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. N. Uchida, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 280 (1973). [CrossRef]
  15. R. Kowarschik, Opt. Act. 23, 1039 (1976). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Kubota, Opt. Commun. 16, 347 (1976). [CrossRef]
  17. T. Kubota, Opt. Act. 25, 1035 (1976). [CrossRef]
  18. U. Killat, Opt. Commun. 21, 110 (1977). [CrossRef]
  19. D. Kermisch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1409 (1969). [CrossRef]
  20. T. Kubota, Opt. Act. 26, 731 (1979). [CrossRef]
  21. M. P. Jordan, L. Solymar, Electron Lett. 14, 271 (1978). [CrossRef]
  22. J. A. Kong, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 825 (1977). [CrossRef]
  23. H. Kogelnik, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 431 (1967). [CrossRef]
  24. J. Ctyroki, Opt. Commun. 16, 259 (1976). [CrossRef]
  25. C. V. Raman, N. S. N. Nath, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. 2, 406, 413 (1935); 3, 75, 119, 459 (1936).
  26. R. Magnusson, T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1165 (1977). [CrossRef]
  27. B. Benlarbi, D. J. Cooke, L. Solymar, Opt. Act. 27, 885 (1980). [CrossRef]
  28. B. Benlarbi, L. Solymar, Int. J. Electron. 52, 95 (1982). [CrossRef]
  29. M. Chang, N. George, Appl. Opt. 9, 713 (1970). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. B. Benlarbi, L. Solymar, Int. J. Electron. 48, 361 (1980). [CrossRef]
  31. B. Benlarbi, L. Solymar, Int. J. Electron. 48, 351 (1980). [CrossRef]
  32. H. M. Smith, Holographic Recording Materials (Springer, New York, 1977), pp. 22–74.
  33. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1959), Chap. 2.
  34. D. Croucher, Holography Newletter 1, Agfa-Gevaert Ltd. (1979).
  35. R. Magnusson, T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 809 (1978). [CrossRef]
  36. M. G. Moharam, L. Young, Appl. Opt. 17, 1757 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. R. R. A. Syms, L. Solymar, Electron. Lett. 18, 249 (1982). [CrossRef]
  38. H. Hashimoto, A. Howie, M. T. Whelan, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 269, 80 (1962). [CrossRef]
  39. E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, N. Massey, Appl. Opt. 5, 1303 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. P. St, J. Russell, L. Solymar, Appl. Phys. 22, 335 (1980). [CrossRef]
  41. T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, Appl. Phys. B28, 1 (1982).
  42. I. S. Sokolnikoff, E. S. Sokolnikoff, Higher Mathematics for Physicists and Engineers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).
  43. R. R. A. Syms, L. Solymar, Opt. Commun. 43, 107 (1982). [CrossRef]
  44. D. H. R. Vilkomerson, D. Bostwick, Appl. Opt. 6, 1270 (1967). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. R. L. Lamberts, Appl. Opt. 11, 33 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  46. O. Bryngdahl, Appl. Opt. 11, 195 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. C. T. Chang, J. L. Bjorkstam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 558 (1976). [CrossRef]
  48. R. Alferness, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 353 (1976). [CrossRef]
  49. B. J. Chang, S. K. Case, Appl. Opt. 15, 1800 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  50. S. Sjolinder, Photogr. Sci. Eng. 25, 112 (1981).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited