Temperature cycling of highly birefringent optical fibers and preforms has been used to investigate the thermal properties of bow-tie and elliptically clad structures. The thermal hysteresis of the birefringence is shown to be a direct consequence of the thermal history of the fiber or preform and has been related to volume changes in the stress-producing borosilicate sections. Annealing increases the axial stress as well as the stress anisotropy and hence the birefringence. Increases of up to a factor of 2 in the birefringence on suitable thermal treatment indicate a new method for further improvement of high birefringence fibers. The implications of the results in the design, fabrication, and use of such fibers are discussed.
© 1983 Optical Society of America
A. Ourmazd, Malcolm P. Varnham, R. D. Birch, and David N. Payne, "Thermal properties of highly birefringent optical fibers and preforms," Appl. Opt. 22, 2374-2379 (1983)