OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 17 — Sep. 1, 1983
  • pp: 2528–2534

Remote sensing of stratospheric and mesospheric winds by gas correlation electrooptic phase-modulation spectroscopy

Daniel J. McCleese and Jack S. Margolis  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 17, pp. 2528-2534 (1983)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.22.002528


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (969 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A method is described for directly measuring atmospheric winds in the 20–120-km altitude interval from a spacecraft. The principle of operation of the wind sensor is the measurement of the Doppler shift between the spectral absorption lines of a gas in a cell within the instrument and the thermal emission lines of the same gas in the atmosphere. The wind measurements are to be made with a spacecraft-borne gas correlation spectrometer viewing the limb of the atmosphere. The measurement of the wind-induced Doppler shift between the two spectra, and thence the magnitude of the wind itself, is accomplished by phase modulating the incoming thermal radiation (equivalent to frequency modulation) by means of an electrooptically active crystal to determine the frequency shift required to reestablish exact correlation between the lines in the cell and the lines from the atmosphere. Results of numerical simulations of the wind-sensor performance are presented showing the noise-equivalent-wind to be between 1 and 5 m/sec over most of the stratosphere and mesosphere.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: March 8, 1983
Published: September 1, 1983

Citation
Daniel J. McCleese and Jack S. Margolis, "Remote sensing of stratospheric and mesospheric winds by gas correlation electrooptic phase-modulation spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 22, 2528-2534 (1983)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-22-17-2528


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. R. Drummond et al., Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 296, 219 (1980). [CrossRef]
  2. P. B. Hays, Appl. Opt. 21, 1136 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Waters, JPL Report 750-156, Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) TR/Instrument Description (1981).
  4. R. M. Huffaker, Ed., “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-37 (1978);R. M. Huffaker, T. R. Lawrence, R. J. Keeler, M. J. Post, J. T. Priestly, J. A. Korrell, “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System, Part II,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-63 (1980).
  5. V. J. Abreu, Appl. Opt. 18, 2992 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. C. Bates, Infrared Phys. 7, 181 (1967). [CrossRef]
  7. D. J. McCleese, J. S. Margolis, J. Ballard, Appl. Opt. submitted.
  8. A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1971), Chap. 9.
  9. C. F. Buhrer, L. R. Bloom, D. H. Baird, Appl. Opt. 2, 839 (1963). [CrossRef]
  10. L. F. Champagne, E. O'Neil, W. T. Whitney, Opt. Commun. 13, 282 (1975). [CrossRef]
  11. G. M. Carter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 810 (1978). [CrossRef]
  12. A. L. Scholtz, W. R. Leeb, E. Bonek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1021 (1982). [CrossRef]
  13. R. A. Toth, California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1982); private communication.
  14. L. S. Rothman, Appl. Opt. 20, 791 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. U.S. Standard Atmosphere (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1962).
  16. J. A. Logan, M. J. Prather, S. C. Wofsy, M. B. McElroy, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 290, 187 (1978). [CrossRef]
  17. J. T. Houghton, The Physics of Atmospheres (Cambridge U. P., Cambridge, 1977).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited