Remote-sensing techniques are generally considered as a means of obtaining data concerning the concentration species at altitudes not accessible to the observing platform; however, in the case of remote-sensing measurements of species in the lower stratosphere a considerable advantage in profile resolution can be obtained by making the measurements from balloons. Data concerning species of interest in the photochemistry of the ozone layer were obtained by balloon flights employing remote-sensing instruments making measurements in the wavelength region from the ultraviolet to millimeter wavelengths. The majority of the data were obtained using instruments to obtain data in the midinfrared wavelengths. Two techniques are generally used: solar absorption or atmospheric emission. Descriptions of the instrumentation used by our group at the University of Denver to obtain data using both techniques are given. The techniques employed in the analysis of the data obtained with these instruments are discussed, and recent results are presented. The potential of both techniques for obtaining data of interest in the photochemistry of the ozone layer is also discussed.
© 1983 Optical Society of America
D. G. Murcray, F. J. Murcray, A. Goldman, F. H. Murcray, and J. J. Kosters, "Balloon-borne remote sensing of stratospheric constituents," Appl. Opt. 22, 2629-2640 (1983)