The development of a new time-resolved x-ray spectrometer is reported in which a free-standing x-ray transmission grating is coupled to a soft x-ray streak camera. The instrument measures continuous x-ray spectra with 20-psec temporal resolution and moderate spectral resolution (Δλ ≥ 1 Å) over a broad spectral range (0.1–5 keV) with high sensitivity and large information recording capacity. Its capabilities are well suited to investigation of laser-generated plasmas, and they nicely complement the characteristics of other time-resolved spectroscopic techniques presently in use. The transmission grating spectrometer has been used on a variety of laser-plasma experiments. We report the first measurements of the temporal variation of continuous low-energy x-ray spectra from laser-irradiated disk targets.
© 1983 Optical Society of America
N. M. Ceglio, R. L. Kauffman, A. M. Hawryluk, and H. Medecki, "Time-resolved x-ray transmission grating spectrometer for studying laser-produced plasmas," Appl. Opt. 22, 318-327 (1983)