The coupling of CSP lasers to single-mode fibers with different coupling structures made on the fiber face is investigated. In this case easy to make coupling arrangements such as tapers and microlenses, result in a high launching efficiency (~2-dB loss), in contrast to launching from gain-guided lasers with strong astigmatism and a broader far-field pattern. Index-guiding lasers exhibit, however, a higher sensitivity to optical feedback. Laser output power and wavelength are changed due to reflections from the fiber tip. Critical distances exist which lead to a highly unstable laser spectrum. A comparison of the influence of various fiber faces on laser power and wavelength stability is presented. It is concluded that a tapered fiber end with a large working distance reduces the influence on the laser’s performance.
© 1983 Optical Society of America
G. Wenke and Y. Zhu, "Comparison of efficiency and feedback characteristics of techniques for coupling semiconductor lasers to single-mode fiber," Appl. Opt. 22, 3837-3844 (1983)