A pulsed dual-wavelength dual-CO2-laser differential-absorption lidar (DIAL) system has been developed which permits simultaneous heterodyne and direct detection of the same lidar returns. This system has been used to make an experimental comparison of the SNRs and statistical and temporal characteristics of the DIAL returns from several topographic targets. These results were found to be in general agreement with theory and were used to quantify the relative merits of the two detection techniques. The measured parameter values were applied to an analytical treatment to predict system trade-offs for the remote sensing of atmospheric species, with application to both path-averaged and range-resolved measurements.
© 1983 Optical Society of America
D. K. Killinger, N. Menyuk, and W. E. DeFeo, "Experimental comparison of heterodyne and direct detection for pulsed differential absorption CO2 lidar," Appl. Opt. 22, 682-689 (1983)