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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 22, Iss. 8 — Apr. 15, 1983
  • pp: 1241–1246

Uniform and graded multilayers as x-ray optical elements

Ping Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 8, pp. 1241-1246 (1983)

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A detailed comparison of the performance of uniform and graded multilayers as soft x-ray monochromators and normal incidence collectors has been made. In particular, the responses of flat depth-, and laterally graded multilayers to Al Kα radiation, λ = 8.34 Å, have been computed and compared with the corresponding uniform multilayer. Furthermore, the efficiency of graded and uniform multilayers as normal incidence x-ray collectors has been calculated in terms of effective areas for parabolic reflectors tuned to the O Kα line, λ = 23.7 Å. Finally, the effective areas of four strong solar emission lines in the 30–60 Å region have been computed for uniform multilayers. Normal incidence multilayer mirrors are well suited for spectroheliograph type of applications.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: November 26, 1982
Published: April 15, 1983

Ping Lee, "Uniform and graded multilayers as x-ray optical elements," Appl. Opt. 22, 1241-1246 (1983)

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  1. T. W. Barbee, in Proceedings of the Topical Conference on Low Energy X-Ray Diagnostics, D. T. Attwood, B. L. Henke, Eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1981); I. K. Schuller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 1597 (1980). [CrossRef]
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  8. P. Lee, Opt. Commun. 37, 159 (1981). [CrossRef]
  9. Detailed discussions of the matrix A and AN for bilayer systems are given in Ref. 8 and P. Lee, Opt. Commun. 43, 237 (1982). [CrossRef]
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