Thermal emission measurements of the earth’s stratospheric limb from space platforms require an accurate knowledge of the observation angles for retrieval of temperature and constituent distributions. Without the use of expensive stabilizing systems, however, most observational instruments do not meet the required pointing accuracies, thus leading to large errors in the retrieval of atmospheric data. This paper describes a self-constituent method of correcting errors in pointing angles by using information contained in the observed spectrum. Numerical results based on temperature inversions of synthetic thermal emission spectra with assumed random errors in pointing angles are presented.
Mian M. Abbas, Gary L. Shapiro, Barney J. Conrath, Virgil G. Kunde, and William C. Maguire, "Method for correction of errors in observation angles for limb thermal emission measurements," Appl. Opt. 23, 1862-1866 (1984)