OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 23, Iss. 15 — Aug. 1, 1984
  • pp: 2624–2628

Speed of sound and temperature in the ocean by Brillouin scattering

Joseph G. Hirschberg, James D. Byrne, Alain W. Wouters, and George C. Boynton  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 23, Issue 15, pp. 2624-2628 (1984)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.23.002624


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (743 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A method is described to measure the speed of sound and the temperature in the sea as functions of depth. Backscattered laser light is analyzed with an interferometric spectrometer. The speed of sound at very short acoustic wavelengths is obtained directly from the wavelength shift of the Brillouin scattered light, and the temperature is deduced from the speed of sound together with auxiliary information on depth and salinity. Experiments are described.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: November 7, 1983
Published: August 1, 1984

Citation
Joseph G. Hirschberg, James D. Byrne, Alain W. Wouters, and George C. Boynton, "Speed of sound and temperature in the ocean by Brillouin scattering," Appl. Opt. 23, 2624-2628 (1984)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-23-15-2624


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Stommel Report, “The Role of the Oceans in Climate Production,” Ocean Science Committee, U.S. National Academy of Sciences(1975).
  2. F. D. Tappert, U. Miami; private communication (1982).
  3. G. E. Walrafen, “Raman Spectral Studies of the Effects of Temperature on Water Structure,” J. Chem. Phys. 47, 114 (1967). [CrossRef]
  4. R. L. Schwiesow, “Raman Scattering from Pollutant Gases and Air–Water Interfaces,” AIAA J. 11, 87 (1973). [CrossRef]
  5. C. H. Chang, L. A. Young, Avco-Everett Research Laboratory Research note 960, Everett, Mass. (1974).
  6. C. H. Chang, L. A. Young, D. A. Leonard, U.S. Pat.3,986,775 (Dec.1974).
  7. D. A. Leonard, B. Caputo, R. L. Johnson, F. E. Hoge, “Experimental Remote Sensing of Subsurface Temperature in Natural Ocean Water,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 4, 279 (1977). [CrossRef]
  8. D. A. Leonard, B. Caputo, F. E. Hoge, “Remote Sensing of Subsurface Water Temperature by Raman Scattering,” Appl. Opt. 18, 1732 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. A. Leonard, “Remote Raman Measurement Techniques,” Opt. Eng. 20, 91 (1981). [CrossRef]
  10. D. A. Leonard, B. Caputo, J. D. Fridman, “Remote Sensing of Subsurface Water Temperature by Raman Polarization Spectroscopy,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 307, 76 (1981).
  11. J. G. Hirschberg, A. W. Wouters, F. N. Cooke, K. M. Simon, J. D. Byrne, “Laser Application to Measure Vertical Sea Temperature and Turbidity,” NASA Report CR-139184 (Jan.1975).
  12. J. G. Hirschberg, A. W. Wouters, J. D. Byrne, “Laser Measure of Salinity, Temperature and Turbidity in Depth,” in Remote Sensing Energy Related Studies, N. Veziroglu, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1975).
  13. J. G. Hirschberg, “The Use of Brillouin and Raman Scattering to Measure Temperature and Salinity Below the Water Surface,” in Proceedings, Waste Heat Management and Utilization Conference, Miami Beach, Fla. (1977).
  14. J. G. Hirschberg, A. W. Wouters, J. D. Byrne, “Ocean Parameters Using the Brillouin Effect,” in Ocean Remote Sensing Using Lasers, NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL PMEL-18, H. R. Gordon, Ed. (1980).
  15. P. O. Cervenka, “Brillouin Remote Sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1410 (1977).
  16. J. L. Guagliardo, H. L. Dufilho, “Range Resolved Brillouin Scattering Using a Pulsed Laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 51, 79 (1980). [CrossRef]
  17. J. B. Breckenridge, C. A. Sepulveda, D. J. Collins, H. B. Hotz, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Optical Physics Group; personal communication (Mar.1982).
  18. C. L. O’Connor, J. P. Schlupf, “Brillouin Scattering in Water: the Landau-Placzek Ratio,” J. Chem. Phys. 47, 31 (1967). [CrossRef]
  19. I. G. Fabelinskii, Molecular Scattering of Light (Plenum, New York, 1968). [CrossRef]
  20. A. R. Maret, E. Yeager, “Rayleigh-Brillouin Intensity Ratios in Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions,” J. Chem. Phys. 59, 206 (1973). [CrossRef]
  21. L. Brillouin, “Scattering of Light,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 158, 1331 (1914).
  22. H. R. Gordon, “Interpretation of Airborne Oceanic Lidar: Effects of Multiple Scattering,” Appl. Opt. 211, 2996 (1982). [CrossRef]
  23. R. W. Fairbridge, Encyclopedia of Oceanography (Reinhold, New York, 1966).
  24. H. U. Svedrup, M. W. Johnson, R. H. Fleming, The Oceans; Their Physics, Chemistry and General Biology (Prentice-Hall, New York, 1961).
  25. R. J. Urick, Principles of Underwater Sound for Engineers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1967).
  26. R. Y. Chiao, P. A. Fleury, “Brillouin Scattering and the Dispersion of Hypersonic Waves,” in Physics of Quantum Electronics, P. L. Kelley, B. Lax, P. E. Tannerwald, Eds. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1965).
  27. L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshiftz, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1960).
  28. R. D. Mountain, J. M. Deutch, “Light Scattering for Binary Solutions,” J. Chem. Phys. 50, 1103 (1969). [CrossRef]
  29. K. H. Langley, N. C. Ford, “Interferometric Attenuation of Scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 281 (1969). [CrossRef]
  30. A. S. Monin, V. M. Kamenkovich, V. G. Kort, Variability of the Oceans (Wiley, New York, 1977).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited