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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 23, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 1984
  • pp: 2818–2826

Effects of systematic errors on the mixing ratios of trace gases obtained from occultation spectra

William A. Shaffer, John H. Shaw, and Crofton B. Farmer  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 23, Issue 16, pp. 2818-2826 (1984)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.23.002818


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Abstract

Vertical mixing-ratio profiles of atmospheric gases can be retrieved from solar occultation spectra. The influence of systematic errors in the parameters of the models required in the analysis has been investigated. It is concluded that, because of smearing effects and other uncertainties, it may be preferable to calibrate the spectra internally by measuring absorption lines of gases such as CO2 or N2 whose vertical distributions can be assumed, rather than to rely on externally supplied information.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 30, 1984
Published: August 15, 1984

Citation
William A. Shaffer, John H. Shaw, and Crofton B. Farmer, "Effects of systematic errors on the mixing ratios of trace gases obtained from occultation spectra," Appl. Opt. 23, 2818-2826 (1984)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-23-16-2818


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References

  1. C. B. Farmer, “Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS),” NASA Upper Atmosphere Research Program Summaries (1982).
  2. C. B. Farmer, D. F. Raper, B. D. Robbins, R. A. Toth, C. Muller, “Simultaneous Spectroscopic Measurements of Stratospheric Species: O3, CH4, CO, CO2, N2O, H2O, HCl and HF at Northern and Southern Mid-Latitudes,” J. Geophys. Res. 85, 1621 (1980). [CrossRef]
  3. W. A. Shaffer, Ph.D. thesis, Ohio State Univ., Columbus (1983); W. A. Shaffer, J. H. Shaw, “Resolution of Vertical Mixing-Ratio Profiles of Atmospheric Constituents Retrieved from Solar Spectra,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2977 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. “The Stratosphere 1981 Theory and Measurements,” WMO Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project Report 11 (1982).
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  7. U.S. Standard Atmosphere 1976 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1976).
  8. A. J. Kantor, “Variability of Atmospheric Density in the Middle Atmosphere,” AFGL-TR-83-0079, AFGL, Hanscom AFB, Mass. (1983).
  9. O. K. Garriott, “Visual Observations From Space,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1064 (1972). [CrossRef]
  10. J. M. Russell, “Satellite Solar Occultation Sounding of the Middle Atmosphere,” Pure Appl. Geophys. 118, 616 (1980). [CrossRef]
  11. J. H. Park, “Effect of Interferogram Smearing on Atmospheric Limb Sounding by Fourier Transform Spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1356 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. A. Roewe, J. C. Gille, P. L. Bailey, “Infrared Limb Smearing in the Presence of Horizontal Temperature Gradients: An Operational Approach,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3775 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Mauersberger, R. Finstead, “Carbon Dioxide Measurements in the Stratosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 7, 873 (1980). [CrossRef]
  14. R. A. Toth, “Temperature Sounding From the Absorption Spectrum of CO2 at 4.3 μm,” Appl. Opt. 16, 2661 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. P. Rinsland et al., “Stratospheric Temperature Profile from Balloon-Borne Measurements of the 10.4 μm Band of CO2,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 30, 237 (1983). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. S. Chang, J. H. Shaw, J. G. Calvert, W. M. Uselman, “Determination of Abundances of Gases from Solar Spectra,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 19, 599 (1978). [CrossRef]
  17. E. Niple, J. H. Shaw, “Information in Spectra of Collision-broadened Absorption Lines,” Appl. Spectrosc. 33, 569 (1979). [CrossRef]

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