OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 23, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 1984
  • pp: 589–596

Aging properties of Kodak type 101 emulsions

Brian Dohne, Uri Feldman, and Werner Neupert  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 23, Issue 4, pp. 589-596 (1984)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.23.000589


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1024 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The aging characteristics for several batches of Kodak type 101 emulsion during storage prior to exposure have been tested. We have found that storage conditions significantly influence how well the film will maintain its sensitometric properties. During this period the sensitivity and maximum density increase to a maximum level. Any additional aging may result in higher fog levels and loss of sensitivity. By keeping the film in an environment free of photographically active compounds it is possible to use this storage interval to optimize the films’ properties. Batches of film with different sensitivities age differently. Of the currently available emulsions, those with maximum sensitivity (measured at 1700 Å) are 2.5 times faster than those at the low end of the sensitivity scale. Significantly accelerated changes in aging properties were measured for the more sensitive emulsions. The successful use of such emulsions in space applications will require that careful consideration be given to time and temperature profiles. When the control of these factors is limited the use of less sensitive emulsions should be considered.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: July 15, 1983
Published: February 15, 1984

Citation
Brian Dohne, Uri Feldman, and Werner Neupert, "Aging properties of Kodak type 101 emulsions," Appl. Opt. 23, 589-596 (1984)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-23-4-589


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. C. Winter, M. E. VanHoosier, “Schumann-Type Photographic Film Preliminary Environmental Test Results,” NRL Report 7072, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. (14July1970).
  2. A. Millikan, J. Altman, Research Laboratories, Eastman Kodak Co.; private communication (1980).
  3. V. Zhelev, Photogr. Sci. Eng. 26, 118 (1982).
  4. J. H. Underwood, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 644 (1977). [CrossRef]
  5. R. P. Clifford, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 491 (1977). [CrossRef]
  6. W. C. Miller, AAS Photobull. No. 16, 3 (1977).
  7. K. Kuge, S. Fujiwara, H. Hada, Photogr. Sci. Eng. 25, 197 (1981).
  8. I. Langmuir, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 34, 1310 (1912). [CrossRef]
  9. W. M. Burton, A. T. Hatter, A. Ridgeley, Appl. Opt. 12, 1851 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. W. Cleveland, “Latent Image: Formation and Properties in Silve Halide Emulsions,” in SPSE Handbook of Photographic Science and Engineering, W. Thomas, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1973).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited