A pulsed CO2 lidar was used to study statistical properties of signal returns from various rough surfaces at distances near 2 km. These included natural in situ topographic materials as well as man-made hard targets. Three lidar configurations were used: heterodyne detection with single temporal mode transmitter pulses, and direct detection with single and multiple temporal mode pulses. The significant differences in signal return statistics, due largely to speckle effects, are discussed.
© 1984 Optical Society of America
Pierre H. Flamant, Robert T. Menzies, and Michael J. Kavaya, "Evidence for speckle effects on pulsed CO2 lidar signal returns from remote targets," Appl. Opt. 23, 1412-1417 (1984)