Calibration of laser-saturated fluorescence measurements using Rayleigh scattering is presented as an alternative to absorption. This new procedure is advantageous when measuring radical species at concentrations well below the corresponding detection limit for absorption. The calibration accounts for nonuniform laser irradiation by extracting the local fluorescence emission along the laser axis and works equally well for both saturated and near-saturated center-line conditions. The predicted error due to misfocusing of the collection optics is nearly negligible when the measured fluorescence is within 10% of its peak value. Number densities obtained using this method are within 15% of those obtained from absorption measurements.
© 1985 Optical Society of America
J. Thaddeus Salmon and Normand M. Laurendeau, "Calibration of laser-saturated fluorescence measurements using Rayleigh scattering," Appl. Opt. 24, 65-73 (1985)