OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 24, Iss. 17 — Sep. 1, 1985
  • pp: 2797–2803

Optical distortions and birefringence in high power laser windows: model and computer code

Charles E. Greninger, Gregory A. Needham, and Joseph Rebar, Jr.  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 24, Issue 17, pp. 2797-2803 (1985)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (750 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A general optical model is given which predicts optical wave front distortions and birefringence due to stress and temperature variations in laser heated and pressure loaded windows for cubic lattice window materials. A computer code is described that integrates stress and thermal computations with an optical model to predict the wave front distortions. Restrictive approximations, which have been used previously to predict window temperature and stress distributions, are avoided by using stress and thermal codes to predict these distributions within the windows. Comparisons between code predictions and experimental results are given.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: February 4, 1985
Published: September 1, 1985

Charles E. Greninger, Gregory A. Needham, and Joseph Rebar, "Optical distortions and birefringence in high power laser windows: model and computer code," Appl. Opt. 24, 2797-2803 (1985)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Sparks, “Optical Distortion by Heated Windows in High-Power Laser Systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5029 (1971). [CrossRef]
  2. C. Klein, “Stress-Induced Birefringence, Critical Window Orientation, and Thermal Lensing Experiments,” in Laser-Induced Damage of Optical Materials: 1980,” Nat. Bur. Stand. U.S. Spec. Pub. 620, Washington (1981), pp. 117–128. [CrossRef]
  3. E. G. Bernal, J. S. Loomis, “Interferometric Measurements of Laser Heated Windows,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1976, Natl. Bur. Stand. U.S. Spec. Publ. 462, Washington (1967), pp. 36–44.
  4. J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals (Oxford U. P., London, 1957).
  5. C. Klein, “Concept of an Effective Optical Distortion Parameter: Application to KCl Laser Windows,” Infrared Phys. 17, 343 (1977). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Turley, G. Sines, “The Anisotropy of Young’s Modulus, Shear Modulus and Poisson’s Ratio in Cubic Materials,” J. Phys. D 4, 264 (1971). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited