OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 24, Iss. 17 — Sep. 1, 1985
  • pp: 2827–2836

Ultraviolet DIAL measurements of O3 profiles in regions of spatially inhomogeneous aerosols

Edward V. Browell, Syed Ismail, and Scott T. Shipley  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 24, Issue 17, pp. 2827-2836 (1985)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1175 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technique generally assumes that atmospheric optical scattering is the same at the two laser wavelengths used in the DIAL measurement of a gas concentration profile. Errors can arise in this approach when the wavelengths are significantly separated, and there is a range dependence in the aerosol scattering distribution. This paper discusses the errors introduced by large DIAL wavelength separations and spatial inhomogeneity of aerosols in the atmosphere. A Bernoulli solution for determining the relative distribution of aerosol backscattering in the UV region is presented, and scattering ratio boundary values for these solutions are discussed. The results of this approach are used to derive a backscatter correction to the standard DIAL analysis method. It is shown that for the worst cases of severe range dependence in aerosol backscattering, the residual errors in the corrected DIAL O3 measurements were <10 ppbv for DIAL wavelengths at 286 and 300 nm.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: January 12, 1985
Published: September 1, 1985

Edward V. Browell, Syed Ismail, and Scott T. Shipley, "Ultraviolet DIAL measurements of O3 profiles in regions of spatially inhomogeneous aerosols," Appl. Opt. 24, 2827-2836 (1985)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. M. Schotland, “Some Observations of the Vertical Profile of Water Vapor by Means of a Ground Based Optical Radar,” in Proceedings, Fourth Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, 12–14 Apr. 1966 (U. Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1966).
  2. R. L. Byer, M. Garbuny, “Pollutant Detection by Absorption Using Mie Scattering and Topographic Targets as Retroreflectors,” Appl. Opt. 12, 1496 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. V. Browell, T. D. Wilkerson, T. J. McIlrath, “Water Vapor Differential Absorption Lidar Development and Evaluation,” Appl. Opt. 18, 3474 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. V. Browell, “Lidar Measurements of Tropospheric Gases,” Opt. Eng. 21, 128 (1982). [CrossRef]
  5. E. V. Browell et al., “NASA Multipurpose Airborne DIAL System and Measurements of Ozone and Aerosol Profiles,” Appl. Opt. 22, 522 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. L. Wright, E. K. Proctor, L. S. Gasiorek, E. M. Liston, “A Preliminary Study of Air Pollution by Active Remote Sensing,” NASA Contract Rep. 132724 (1975).
  7. E. E. Remsberg, L. L. Gordley, “Analysis of Differential Absorption Lidar from the Space Shuttle,” Appl. Opt. 17, 624 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. V. Browell, Ed., “Shuttle Atmospheric Lidar Research Program—Final Report of Atmospheric Lidar Working Group,” NASA Spec. Publ. 433 (1979).
  9. R. T. Thompson, “Differential Absorption and Scattering Sensitivity Predictions,” NASA Contract. Rep. 2627 (1976).
  10. R. M. Schotland, “Errors in the Lidar Measurement of Atmospheric Gases by Differential Absorption,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 71 (1974). [CrossRef]
  11. W. Hitschfeld, J. Bordan, “Errors Inherent in the Radar Measurement of Rainfall at Attenuating Wavelengths,” J. Meteorol. 11, 58 (1954). [CrossRef]
  12. F. G. Fernald, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Determination of Aerosol Height Distribution by Lidar,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 11, 482 (1972). [CrossRef]
  13. E. V. Browell, S. T. Shipley, C. F. Butler, S. Ismail, “Airborne DIAL Measurements of Ozone and Aerosol Profiles in the 1980 PEPE/NEROS Field Experiment,” NASA Republ. in preparation (1985).
  14. L. Elterman, “UV, Visible, and IR Attenuation for Altitudes to 50 km, 1968,” AFCRL-68-0153 (1968).
  15. R. T. H. Collis, P. B. Russell, in Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere, E. D. Hinkley, Ed. (Springer, New York, 1976), p. 117.
  16. G. L. Gregory, S. M. Beck, J. J. Mathis, “In Situ Correlative Measurements for the Ultraviolet Differential Absorption Lidar and the High Spectral Resolution Lidar Air Quality Remote Sensors: 1980 PEPE/NEROS Program,” NASA Tech. Memo. 83107 (1981).
  17. G. M. Murphy, Ordinary Differential Equations and Their Solutions (Van Nostrand, New York, 1960), p. 451.
  18. J. D. Klett, “Stable Analytical Inversion Solution for Processing Lidar Returns,” Appl. Opt. 20, 211 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. U. S. Standard Model Atmosphere (GPO, Washington, D.C., 1976).
  20. E. P. Shettle, AFGL, Bedford, Mass. 01731; private communication.
  21. R. T. H. Collis, “Lidar: a New Atmospheric Probe,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 92, 220 (1966). [CrossRef]
  22. R. G. Pinnick, J. M. Rosen, D. J. Hoffman, “Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements. III: Optical Model Calculations,” J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 304 (1976). [CrossRef]
  23. E. P. Shettle, R. W. Fenn, “Models of the Amospheric Aerosols and Their Optical Properties,” AGARD Conf. Proc. 183 (1976).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited