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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 24, Iss. 19 — Oct. 1, 1985
  • pp: 3134–3139

Microlenses on the end of single-mode optical fibers for laser applications

Kyung S. Lee and Frank S. Barnes  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 24, Issue 19, pp. 3134-3139 (1985)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.24.003134


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Abstract

Various microlenses are fabricated on the end of single-mode fibers using a photolithographic technique. The radii of these lenses are in the 2.6–20-μm range. The beam waist and beam waist position of these lenses are measured and compared to theoretical values derived for Gaussian beams under a paraxial ray approximation. Beam spot sizes of <0.75 μm have been achieved at 830 nm.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 11, 1985
Published: October 1, 1985

Citation
Kyung S. Lee and Frank S. Barnes, "Microlenses on the end of single-mode optical fibers for laser applications," Appl. Opt. 24, 3134-3139 (1985)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-24-19-3134


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References

  1. D. Kato, “Light Coupling from a Stripe-Geometry GaAs Diode Laser into an Optical Fiber with Spherical End,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2756 (1973). [CrossRef]
  2. L. G. Cohen, M. V. Schneider, “Microlenses for Coupling Junction Lasers to Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 13, 298 (1974). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kogelnik, “Imaging of Optical Modes—Resonators with Internal Lenses,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 44, 455 (1965).
  4. H. Kogelnik, “On the Propagation of Gaussian Beams of Light Through Lenslike Media Including those with a Loss or Gain Variation,” Appl. Opt. 4, 1562 (1965). [CrossRef]
  5. A. E. Siegman, An Introduction to Lasers and Masers (1971).
  6. D. Marcuse, “Loss Analysis of Single-Mode Fiber Splices,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703 (1976).
  7. P. D. Bear, “Microlenses for Coupling Single-Mode Fibers to Single-Mode Thin-Film Waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 19, 2906 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. H. Firester, M. E. Heller, P. Sheng, “Knife-edge Scanning Measurements of Subwavelength Focused Light Beams,” Appl. Opt. 16, 1971 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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