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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 24, Iss. 2 — Jan. 15, 1985
  • pp: 221–226

Comparison of the experimental and theoretical diffraction characteristics of transmission gratings on planar dielectric waveguides

Jean-Marc P. Delavaux, William S. C. Chang, and M. G. Moharam  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 24, Issue 2, pp. 221-226 (1985)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.24.000221


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Abstract

Experimental diffraction characteristics of dielectric transmission gratings on planar optical waveguides are compared to theoretical results from the rigorous coupled-wave analysis. The deep-grooved square gratings are shown to have high diffraction efficiency (>90%). In particular, the effects of higher orders of diffraction on the diffraction efficiency, at fixed wavelength, are presented in this paper for both TE and TM polarizations. The rigorous coupled-wave analysis is shown to produce excellent general agreement with the measured diffraction characteristics.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 14, 1984
Published: January 15, 1985

Citation
Jean-Marc P. Delavaux, William S. C. Chang, and M. G. Moharam, "Comparison of the experimental and theoretical diffraction characteristics of transmission gratings on planar dielectric waveguides," Appl. Opt. 24, 221-226 (1985)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-24-2-221


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References

  1. W. R. Klein, B. D. Cook, “Unified Approach to Ultrasonic Light Diffraction,” IEEE Trans. Sonic Ultrason., SU-14123 (1967). [CrossRef]
  2. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, R. Magnusson, “Criteria for Bragg Regime Diffraction by Phase Gratings,” J. Opt. Commun. 32, 14 (1980). [CrossRef]
  3. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, R. Magnusson, “Criteria for Raman-Nath Diffraction by Phase Gratings,” J. Opt. Commun. 32, 19, (1980). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  5. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, “Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis of Planar Grating Diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 811 (1981). [CrossRef]
  6. J-M. P. Delavaux, W. S. C. Chang, “Design and Fabrication of Efficient Diffraction Gratings on Planar Optical Waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3004 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, “Diffraction Analysis of Dielectric Surface-relief Gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 1385 (1982). [CrossRef]

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