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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 24, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 1985
  • pp: 496–500

Materials for optical coatings in the ultraviolet

Frank Rainer, W. Howard Lowdermilk, David Milam, Charles K. Carniglia, Trudy Tuttle Hart, and Terri L. Lichtenstein  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 24, Issue 4, pp. 496-500 (1985)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.24.000496


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Abstract

In this work, we used 248-nm 20-nsec laser pulses to measure laser-damage thresholds for halfwave-thick single layers of fifteen potential UV coating materials, for highly reflective coatings made of thirteen combinations of these materials, and for antireflective coatings made using five combinations of the materials. Refractive index, absorption, position of the UV absorption edge, stress, and environmental stability were measured for the halfwave-thick single layers. The first three of these parameters are closely related and were generally correlated with damage thresholds of the single-layer coatings. Thresholds of HR coatings were correlated with absorption in the high-index materials used in the coatings and with refractive index of the low-index materials. Thresholds of AR films were not well correlated with properties of single-layer coatings.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: August 11, 1984
Published: February 15, 1985

Citation
Frank Rainer, W. Howard Lowdermilk, David Milam, Charles K. Carniglia, Trudy Tuttle Hart, and Terri L. Lichtenstein, "Materials for optical coatings in the ultraviolet," Appl. Opt. 24, 496-500 (1985)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-24-4-496


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References

  1. F. Rainer, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. Milam, T. T. Hart, T. L. Lichtenstein, C. K. Carniglia, “Scandium Oxide Coatings for High-Power UV Laser Applications,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3685 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. T. Hart, T. L. Lichtenstein, C. K. Carniglia, F. Rainer, “Effects of Undercoats and Overcoats on Damage Thresholds of 248 nm Coatings,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1981, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 638 (1983), pp. 344–349. [CrossRef]
  3. F. Rainer, W. H. Lowdermilk, D. Milam, “Bulk and Surface Damage Thresholds of Crystals and Glasses at 248 nm,” Opt. Eng. 22, 431 (1983). [CrossRef]
  4. B. E. Newnam, D. H. Gill, “Ultraviolet Damage Resistance of Laser Coatings,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1978, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 541 (1978), pp. 190–201.
  5. T. W. Walker, A. H. Guenther, P. E. Nielsen, “Pulsed Laser-Induced Damage to Thin-Film Optical Coatings—Part I: Experimental,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-172041 (1981). [CrossRef]
  6. A. F. Turner, “Ruby Laser Damage Thresholds in Evaporated Thin Films and Multilayer Coatings,” in Damage in Laser Materials: 1971, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 356 (1971), pp. 119–123.
  7. J. R. Bettis, A. H. Guenther, A. J. Glass, “The Refractive Index Dependence of Pulsed Laser Induced Damage,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1974, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec, Publ. 414 (1974), pp.214–217.
  8. M. R. Lange, J. K. McIver, A. H. Guenther, “Predictions of the Effects of Thermal and Optical Properties on Laser Damage Thresholds From a Spherical Impurity Model,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1983, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.), to be published.

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