A comparison is made of four prominent Doppler lidar systems, ranging in wavelength from the near UV to the middle IR, which are presently being studied for their potential in an earth-orbiting global tropospheric wind field measurement application. The comparison is restricted to relative photon efficiencies, i.e., the required number of transmitted photons per pulse is calculated for each system, for mid-tropospheric velocity estimate uncertainties ranging from :±1 to ±4 m/s. The results are converted to laser transmitter pulse energy and power requirements. The analysis indicates that a coherent CO2 Doppler lidar operating at 9.11-μm wavelength is the most efficient.
© 1986 Optical Society of America
Robert T. Menzies, "Doppler lidar atmospheric wind sensors: a comparative performance evaluation for global measurement applications from earth orbit," Appl. Opt. 25, 2546-2553 (1986)