OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 25, Iss. 15 — Aug. 1, 1986
  • pp: 2563–2570

Correction of thermal imagery for atmospheric effects using aircraft measurement and atmospheric modeling techniques

Arthur E. Byrnes and John R. Schott  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 25, Issue 15, pp. 2563-2570 (1986)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1016 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Airborne measurements of atmospheric-path transmission and atmospheric-path (upwelled) radiance in the 8–14-μm band were obtained by applying a multiple altitude and a dual-view angle calibration technique to thermal IR line scanner data. A spectrally corrected lowtran code was used to generate path transmission and upwelled radiance values corresponding to the empirical measurements. Using lowtran and the multiple-altitude method, calibration of thermograms to account for atmospheric effects yields computed surface temperatures within 0.7°C of concurrent kinetic temperature readings. The angular calibration method results in similar computed surface temperature errors for 304.8-m (1000-ft) altitude data and increasing by 1.2°C/304.8-m up to a 1828.8-m (6000-ft) altitude. This paper contains results of a comparative analysis of these approaches for atmospheric calibration.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: October 22, 1984
Published: August 1, 1986

Arthur E. Byrnes and John R. Schott, "Correction of thermal imagery for atmospheric effects using aircraft measurement and atmospheric modeling techniques," Appl. Opt. 25, 2563-2570 (1986)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. L. Pickett, “Environmental Corrections for an Airborne Radiation Thermometer,” in Proceedings, Fourth International Symposium on the Remote Sensing of the Environment (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1966, pp. 259–262.
  2. D. Lorenz, “Temperature Measurements of Natural Surfaces Using Infrared Radiometers,” Appl. Opt. 7, 1705 (1968). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. M. Saunders, “Corrections for Airborne Radiation Thermometry,” J. Geophys. Res. 75, 7596 (1970). [CrossRef]
  4. F. L. Scarpace, T. Green, “Dynamic Surface Temperature of Thermal Plumes,” Water Resources Res. 9, 138 (1973). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Prabhakara et al., “Estimation of Sea Surface Temperature from Remote Sensing in the 11–13 Micron Window Region,” J. Geophys. Res. 79, 5039 (1974). [CrossRef]
  6. L. M. McMillin, “Estimation of Sea Surface Temperatures from Two Infrared Window Measurements with Different Absorption,” J. Geophys. Res. 80, 5113 (1975). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Chedin et al., “A Single-Channel, Double-Viewing Angle Method for Sea Surface Temperature Determination from Coincident METEOSAT and TIROS-N Radiometric Measurement,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 21, 613 (1982). [CrossRef]
  8. S. E. Franklin, “Computer Processing of Airborne IR Scanner Data for Investigations into Physical and Thermal Characteristics of a Small Lake Basin,” M.A. Thesis, U. Waterloo, ON (1982), 275 pp. [PubMed]
  9. J. R. Schott, J. D. Biegel, “Comparison of Modelled and Empirical Atmospheric Propagation Data,” in Proceedings SPIE Twenty-seventh Annual International Technical Symposium, San Diego, CA (1983).
  10. I. D. Macleod, “An Airborne Thermal Remote Sensing Calibration Technique,” M.S. Thesis, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY (1983).
  11. J. R. Schott, “Temperature Measurement of Cooling Water Discharged from Power Plants,” Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing 45, 753 (1979).
  12. P. M. Saunders, “Aerial Measurement of Sea Surface Temperature in the Infrared,” J. Geophys. Res. 72, 4109 (1967). [CrossRef]
  13. P. N. Slater, Remote Sensing—Optics and Optical Systems (Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1980, pp. 310–311.
  14. J. R. Schott, J. D. Biegel, I. Macleod, “A Comparison of Techniques for Radiometric Calibration of Aerial Infrared Thermal Images,” in Proceedings, Joint SPSE, ASP Conference on Techniques for Extraction of Information from Remotely Sensed Images, Rochester, NY (1983), pp. 53–58.
  15. J. R. Schott, “Target and Background Infrared Calculations for Tactical Space-Based Sensor Applications,” R.I.T.-PSI-82/83-51-3, prepared for Naval Research Laboratories, Washington, DC (1983), p. 85.
  16. F. X. Kneizys et al., “Atmospheric Transmittance and Radiance: Computer Code: lowtran 5,” Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscomb AFB, MA, Report AFGL-TR-80-0067 (1980).
  17. R. A. McClatchey et al., “Optical Properties of the Atmosphere,” Hanscomb AFB, MA, Report AFGL-72-0497 (1972).
  18. T. M. Lillesand, R. W. Kiefer, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation (Wiley, New York, 1979), p. 400.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited