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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 26, Iss. 15 — Aug. 1, 1987
  • pp: 3033–3042

CO2 DIAL measurements of water vapor

William B. Grant, Jack S. Margolis, Alan M. Brothers, and David M. Tratt  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 26, Issue 15, pp. 3033-3042 (1987)

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CO2 lidars have heretofore been used to measure water vapor concentrations primarily using the 10R(20) line at 10.247 μm, which has a strong overlap with a water vapor absorption line. This paper discusses the use of that line as well as other CO2 laser lines for which the absorption coefficients are weaker. The literature on measurement of water vapor absorption coefficients using CO2 lasers is reviewed, and the results from four laboratories are shown to be generally consistent with each other after they are normalized to the same partial pressure, temperature, and ethylene absorption coefficient for the 10P(14) CO2 laser line; however, the agreement with the Air Force Geophysics Laboratory's hitran and fascod 2 spectral data tapes is not good either for the water vapor absorption lines or for the water vapor continuum. Demonstration measurements of atmospheric water vapor have been conducted using the Mobile Atmospheric Pollutant Mapping System, a dual CO2 lidar system using heterodyne detection. Results are discussed for measurements using three sets of laser line pairs covering a wide range of water vapor partial pressures.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: February 5, 1987
Published: August 1, 1987

William B. Grant, Jack S. Margolis, Alan M. Brothers, and David M. Tratt, "CO2 DIAL measurements of water vapor," Appl. Opt. 26, 3033-3042 (1987)

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