OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 11 — Jun. 1, 1988
  • pp: 2273–2278

Double-ended lidar technique for aerosol studies

Herbert G. Hughes and Merle R. Paulson  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 11, pp. 2273-2278 (1988)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.27.002273


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (726 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The technique of inverting a single-ended lidar return to obtain range-dependent atmospheric extinction coefficients requires an assumption concerning the relationship between the volumetric backscatter and extinction coefficients. By comparing the powers returned from a volume common to each of two lidars located at opposite ends of a propagation path the need for this relationship can be eliminated, and the extinction coefficient is determined as a function of position between the two lidars. If the lidars are calibrated, the backscatter coefficients and their relationship to extinction can then be determined as a function of position. We present measurements obtained with two lidars which were operated reciprocally over a slant path of ~1 km during reduced visibility conditions. The measured extinction and backscatter coefficients determined by this method provide the boundary value inputs to both the forward and reverse integration algorithms for inverting the single-ended lidar returns. The accuracies by which both single-ended integration schemes can reproduce the double-ended measurements are examined by allowing the ratio of backscatter to extinction coefficients to be either constant or varying with position between the two lidars as measured.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: October 30, 1987
Published: June 1, 1988

Citation
Herbert G. Hughes and Merle R. Paulson, "Double-ended lidar technique for aerosol studies," Appl. Opt. 27, 2273-2278 (1988)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-27-11-2273


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. H. Kohl, “Discussion of the Interpretation Problem Encountered in Single-Wavelength Lidar Transmissometers,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17, 1034 (1978). [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. Klett, “Stable Analytical Inversion Solution for Processing Lidar Returns,” Appl. Opt. 20, 211 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. J. Kunz, “Vertical Atmospheric Profiles Measured with Lidar,” Appl. Opt. 22, 1955 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. Carnuth, R. Reiter, “Cloud Extinction Profile Measurements by Lidar Using Klett’s Inversion Method,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2899 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. D. Lindberg, W. J. Lentz, E. M. Measure, R. Rubio, “Lidar Determinations of Extinction in Stratus Clouds,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2172 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. A. Ferguson, D. H. Stephens, “Algorithm for Inverting Lidar Returns,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3673 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. G. Hughes, J. A. Ferguson, D. H. Stephens, “Sensitivity of a Lidar Inversion Algorithm to Parameters Relating Atmospheric Backscatter and Extinction,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1609 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. R. Bissonnette, “Sensitivity Analysis of Lidar Inversion Algorithms,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2122 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. D. Klett, “Lidar Inversion with Variable Backscatter/Extinction Ratios,” Appl. Opt. 11, 1638 (1985). [CrossRef]
  10. H. W. M. Salemink, P. Schotanus, J. B. Bergwerff, “Quantitative Lidar at 532 nm for Vertical Extinction Profiles and the Effect of Relative Humidity,” Appl. Phys. B 34, 187 (1984). [CrossRef]
  11. G. de Leeuw, G. J. Kunz, C. W. Lamberts, “Humidity Effects on the Backscatter/Extinction Ratio,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3971 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. W. Fitzgerald, “Effect of Relative Humidity on the Aerosol Backscattering Coefficient at 0.694- and 10.6-μm Wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 23, 411 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. R. Paulson, “Evaluation of a Dual-Lidar Method for Measuring Aerosol Extinction,” Naval Ocean Systems Center Technical Document 1075 (Apr.1987).
  14. G. J. Kunz, “Bipath Method as a Way to Measure the Spatial Backscatter and Extinction Coefficients with Lidar,” Appl. Opt. 26, 794 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. A. Ferguson, M. R. Paulson, “Calibration of the Hand-Held Lidars Used by the Naval Ocean Systems Center,” Naval Ocean Systems Center Technical Document 996 (Dec.1986).
  16. O. D. Barteneva, “Scattering Functions of Light in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Geophys. Ser. 12, 32 (1960).
  17. H. G. Hughes, B. L. Thompson, “Estimates of Optical Pulse Broadening in Maritime Stratus Clouds,” Opt. Eng. 23, 38 (1984). [CrossRef]
  18. K. E. Kunkel, J. A. Weinman, “Monte Carlo Analysis of Multiply Scattered Lidar Returns,” J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 1172 (1976). [CrossRef]
  19. J. M. Mulders, “Algorithm for Inverting Lidar Returns: Comment,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2855 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited