OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 1988
  • pp: 2677–2684

Titanium sapphire laser characteristics

W. R. Rapoport and Chandra P. Khattak  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 13, pp. 2677-2684 (1988)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (889 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The titanium-doped sapphire (Ti:Al2O3) laser is a relatively recent addition to the class of widely tunable lasers. Recent material growth has provided samples of high optical quality and high figure of merit. Cross sections, tuning methods, and large boule evaluation of heat exchanger method growth runs are discussed.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: June 5, 1987
Published: July 1, 1988

W. R. Rapoport and Chandra P. Khattak, "Titanium sapphire laser characteristics," Appl. Opt. 27, 2677-2684 (1988)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Operation of the Ti:Al2O3 laser was first reported by Moulton at the Twelfth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Munich (June 1982). Brief articles appeared in Physics News in 1982, P. F. Schewe, Ed. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1983) and in Solid State Research Report (Lincoln Laboratory, MIT, 1982–1983), pp. 15–21. A more complete description of Moulton’s efforts was in “Recent Advances in Transition-Metal-Doped Lasers,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers, Springer Series in Optical Sciences, P. Hammerling, A. Budgor, A. Pinto, Eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 4–10. Work by others include P. Lacovara, L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, “Flash-lamp Pumped Ti:Al2O3 Laser Using Fluorescent Conversion,” Opt. Lett. 10, 273 (1985); G. F. Albrecht, J. M. Eggleston, J. J. Ewing, “Measurements of Ti3+:Al2O3 as a Lasing Material,” Opt. Commun. 52, 401 (1985); B. K. Sevastyanov et al., “Tunable Laser Based on Al2O3:Ti3+ Crystal,” Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 29, 566 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. F. Moulton, “Spectroscopic and Laser Characteristics of Ti:Al2O3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 125 (1986). [CrossRef]
  3. L. G. Deshazer, G. F. Albrecht, J. F. Seamans, “Tunable Titanium Sapphire Lasers,” presented to SPIE Conference on High Power and Solid State Lasers, Los Angeles, CA, Jan. 1986.
  4. R. L. Aggarwal, A. Sanchez, M. M. Stuppi, R. E. Fahey, A. J. Strauss, W. R. Rapoport, C. P. Khattak, “Residual Infrared Absorption in As-Grown and Annealed Crystals of Ti:Al2O3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, (June1988).
  5. C. P. Khattak, A. N. Scoville, “Growth of Laser Crystals by Heat Exchanger Method (HEM),” Laser and Nonlinear Crystals Proc. SPIE 681, L. G. DeShazer, Ed., 1986, p. 58.
  6. R. L. Aggarwal, A. Sanchez, R. E. Fahey, A. J. Strauss, “Magnetic and Optical Measurements on Ti:Al2O3 Crystals for Laser Applications: Concentration and Absorption Cross-Section of Ti3+ Ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1345 (19May1986). [CrossRef]
  7. D. E. McCumber, “Theory of Photon-Terminated Optical Masers,” Phys. Rev. A 134, A299 (1964).
  8. B. F. Gachter, J. A. Koningstein, “Zero Phonon Transitions and Interacting Jahn-Teller Phonon Energies from the Fluorescence Spectrum of –Al2O3:Ti3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 60, 2003 (1974). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Curie, “Absorption and Emission Spectra,” in Optical Properties of Ions in Solids, B. DiBartolo, Ed. (Plenum, New York, 1985), p. 89.
  10. J. Eggleston, Spectra Technology Corp.; private communications.
  11. W. R. Rapoport, “Injection Locking of Tunable Ti:Al2O3 Using Semiconductor Laser Diodes,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers, Orlando, FL, 3–7 Nov. 1986, pp. 249–253.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited