OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 16 — Aug. 15, 1988
  • pp: 3482–3491

Retrieval of constituent mixing ratios from limb thermal emission spectra

William A. Shaffer, Virgil G. Kunde, and Barney J. Conrath  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 16, pp. 3482-3491 (1988)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1108 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An onion-peeling iterative, least-squares relaxation method to retrieve mixing ratio profiles from limb thermal emission spectra is presented. The method has been tested on synthetic data, containing various amounts of added random noise for O3, HNO3, and N2O. The retrieval method is used to obtain O3 and HNO3 mixing ratio profiles from high-resolution thermal emission spectra. Results of the retrievals compare favorably with those obtained by others.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: October 2, 1987
Published: August 15, 1988

William A. Shaffer, Virgil G. Kunde, and Barney J. Conrath, "Retrieval of constituent mixing ratios from limb thermal emission spectra," Appl. Opt. 27, 3482-3491 (1988)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Fabian et al., The Vertical Distribution of Stable Trace Gases at Mid-latitudes,” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 5179 (1981). [CrossRef]
  2. C. C. Gallagher, C. A. Forsberg, R. V. Pieri, “Stratospheric N2O, CF2Cl2 and CFCl3 Composition Studies Utilizing in situ Cryogenic, Whole Air Sampling Methods,” J. Geophys. Res. 88, 3798 (1983). [CrossRef]
  3. R. A. Rasmussen, M. A. K. Khalil, “Atmospheric Benzine and Toluene,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 1096 (1983). [CrossRef]
  4. C. B. Farmer, O. F. Raper, B. D. Robbins, R. A. Toth, C. Muller, “Simultaneous Spectroscopic Measurements of Stratospheric Species: O3, CH4, CO, CO2, N2O, H2O, HCl, and HF at Northern and Southern Mid-Latitudes,” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 5179 (1981). [CrossRef]
  5. M. T. Coffey, W. G. Mankin, A. Goldman, “Simultaneous Spectroscopic Determination of the Latitudinal, Seasonal, and Diurnal Variability of Stratospheric N2O, NO, NO2, and HNO3),” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 733 (1981). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Girard, N. Louisnard, “Stratospheric Water Vapor, Nitrogen Dioxide, Nitric Acid, and Ozone Measurements Deduced from Spectroscopic Observations,” J. Geophys. Res. 89, 5109 (1984). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Goldman, F. J. Murcray, D. G. Murcray, C. P. Rinsland, M. T. Coffey, W. G. Mankin, Balloon-Borne and Aircraft Infrared Measurements of Ethane (C2H6) in the Upper Troposphere and Lower Bratosphere,” J. Atmos. Chem. 2, 211 (1984). [CrossRef]
  8. C. P. Rinsland et al., “Stratospheric N2O Mixing Ratio Profile from High Resolution Balloon-Borne Solar Absorption Spectra and Laboratory Spectra near 1880 cm−1,” Appl. Opt. 21, 4341 (1982). [CrossRef]
  9. R. D. McPeters, D. F. Heath, P. K. Bhartia, “Average Ozone Profiles for 1979 from the NIMBUS 7 SBUV Instrument,” J. Geophys. Res. 89, 5199 (1984). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Muller, C. Lippens, J. Vercheval, M. Ackerman, J. Laurent, “The Grating Spectrometer Experiment in the Spacelab I Payload,” J. Opt. 16, 155 (1985). [CrossRef]
  11. M. M. Abbas, J. Guo, I. G. Nolt, B. Carli, “Far Infrared Remote Sounding of Stratospheric Temperature and Trace Gas Distributions,” J. Atmos. Chem. 2, 145 (1984). [CrossRef]
  12. M. M. Abbas, G. L. Shapiro, B. J. Conrath, V. G. Kunde, W. C. Maguire, “Thermal Emission Spectroscopy of the Stratosphere from Balloon Platforms,” in Advances in Remote Sensing Retrieval Methods (Deepak, Hampton, VA, 1985), pp. 133–148.
  13. J. C. Gille, J. M. Russell, “The Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS): Experiment, Performance, and Results,” J. Geophys. Res. 89 (D4), 5125 (1984). [CrossRef]
  14. J. M. Russell et al., “Validation of Nitrogen Dioxide Results Measured by the Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS) Experiment on Nimbus 7,” J. Geophys. Res. 89 (D4), 5099 (1984). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Chahine, “A General Relaxation Method for Inverse Solution of the Full Radiative Transfer Equation,” J. Atmos. Sci. 29, 741 (1972). [CrossRef]
  16. L. S. Rothman et al., “AFGL Atmospheric Absorption Line Parameters Compilation: 1982 Edition,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2247 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. V. G. Kunde, W. C. Maguire, “Direct Integration Transmittance Model,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 14, 803 (1974). [CrossRef]
  18. V. G. Kunde et al., “Infrared Spectroscopy of the Lower Stratosphere with a Balloon-Borne Cryogenic Fourier Spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 26, 545 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. M. Abbas, M. J. Glenn, V. G. Kunde, J. C. Brasunas, B. J. Conrath, W. C. Maguire, J. R. Herman, “Simultaneous Measurement of Stratospheric O3, H2O, CH4 and N2O Profiles from Infrared Limb Thermal Emissions,” J. Geophys. Res. 92, 8343 (1987). [CrossRef]
  20. J. C. Brasunas et al., “Balloon-Borne Cryogenic Spectrometer for Measurement of Lower Stratospheric Trace Constituents,” submitted for publication.
  21. M. D. King, X. X. Harshvardin, A. Arking, “A Model of the Radiative Properties of the El Chicon Stratospheric Layer,” J. Climate Appl. Meteorol. 23, 1121 (1984). [CrossRef]
  22. World Meteorological Organization, Atmospheric Ozone, Report 16, World Meteorology Organization, Geneva (1985).
  23. E. E. Remsberg, J. M. Russell, J. C. Gille, L. L. Gordley, P. L. Bailey, W. G. Planet, J. E. Harries, “The Validation of NIMBUS 7 LIMS Measurements of Ozone,” J. Geophys. Res. 89, 5161 (1984). [CrossRef]
  24. M. P. Weinreb, W. A. Morgan, I-Lok Chang, L. D. Johnson, P. A. Bridges, A. C. Neuendorffer, “High-Altitude Balloon Test of Satellite Solar Occultation Instrument for Monitoring Stratospheric O3, H2O and HNO3,” J. Atmos. Ocean Technol. 1, 87 (1984). [CrossRef]
  25. H. Fisher, F. Fergg, D. Rabus, “Stratospheric H2O and HNO3 Profiles Derived from Solar Occultation Measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 90, 3831 (1985). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited