OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 18 — Sep. 15, 1988
  • pp: 3887–3894

Effect of dissolved NaCl, MgCl2, and Na2SO4 in seawater on the optical attenuation in the region from 430 to 630 nm

M. Ravisankar, A. T. Reghunath, K. Sathianandan, and V. P. N. Nampoori  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 18, pp. 3887-3894 (1988)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.27.003887


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1085 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The split-pulse laser method is used to reinvestigate the optical attenuation of distilled water in the region from 430 to 630 nm. The studies are then extended to ionic solutions of NaCl, MgCl2, and Na2SO4, these salts forming the major constituents of seawater. The effect of the concentration of these constituents on optical attenuation is investigated. Further, optical attenuation studies are carried out for the region from 430 to 630 nm for an aqueous solution prepared with all the major constituents in the same proportions as in natural seawater. These values are then compared with values obtained for natural seawater. The relative role of dissolved salts and suspended particles on optical attenuation in seawater is discussed. The lowest attenuation is observed at ~450 nm for all solutions and is found to coincide with that for distilled water.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 15, 1988
Published: September 15, 1988

Citation
M. Ravisankar, A. T. Reghunath, K. Sathianandan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, "Effect of dissolved NaCl, MgCl2, and Na2SO4 in seawater on the optical attenuation in the region from 430 to 630 nm," Appl. Opt. 27, 3887-3894 (1988)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-27-18-3887


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. A. Sullivan, “Experimental Study of the Absorption in Distilled Water, Artificial Sea Water, and Heavy Water in the Visible Region of the Spectrum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 962 (1963). [CrossRef]
  2. W. M. Irvine, J. B. Pollack, “Infrared Optical Properties of Water and Ice Spheres,” Icarus 8, 324 (1968). [CrossRef]
  3. V. M. Zolotarev, B. A. Mikhailov, L. I. Aperovich, S. I. Popova, “Dispersion and Absorption of Liquid Water in Infrared and Radio-Frequency Regions,” Opt. Commun. 1, 301 (1970). [CrossRef]
  4. G. M. Hale, M. R. Querry, “Optical Constants of Water in the 200-nm to 200-μm Wavelength Region,” Appl. Opt. 12, 555 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. R. Querry, P. G. Cary, R. C. Waring, “Split-Pulse Laser Method for Measuring Attenuation Coefficients of Transparent Liquids: Application to Deionized Filtered Water in the Visible Region,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3587 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, “Absorption Coefficient of Pure Water at 488 and 541.5 nm by Adiabatic Laser Calorimetry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 622 (1977). [CrossRef]
  7. A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, “Optical Absorptions of Light and Heavy Water by Laser Optoacoustic Spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 18, 3348 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, “Optical Properties of the Clearest Natural Waters (200–800 nm),” Appl. Opt. 20, 177 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. W. Spinrad, J. R. V. Zaneveld, H. Pak, “Irradiance and Beam Transmittance Measurements Off the West Coast of the Americas,” J. Geophys. Res. 84, 355 (1979). [CrossRef]
  10. H. T. Yura, “Propagation of Finite Cross Section Laser Beams in Sea Water,” Appl. Opt. 12, 108 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. E. Morrison, “Experimental Studies on the Optical Properties of Sea Water,” J. Geophys. Res. 75, 612 (1970). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Miura, Y. Ishikawa, K. Tohma, K. Kondo, T. Matsui, H. Nagatomo, “Undersea Transmission Characteristics of a Laser Beam in Tago Bay,” J. Radio Research Laboratories (Japan), 23, 149 (1976).
  13. D. E. Gray, Ed., American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972), pp. 2–122.
  14. J. O’M. Bockris, A. K. N. Reddy, Modern Electrochemistry, Vol. I (Plenum, New York, 1973), pp. 76–80.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited