OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 23 — Dec. 1, 1988
  • pp: 4899–4906

Retrieval of stratospheric background aerosol scattering coefficient from twilight polarization measurements

Beiying Wu and Daren Lu  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 23, pp. 4899-4906 (1988)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.27.004899


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (907 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A backward Monte Carlo computation procedure has been used to simulate the intensity and degree of polarization of the twilight sky during 1977. It was found that the single scattering approximation is applicable for detection of stratospheric aerosols by twilight measurement during background periods. Based on the simulation, a scheme is proposed for retrieving the stratospheric aerosol scattering coefficient utilizing the measured degree of polarization at the 0.7-μm wavelength in the zenith direction of the twilight sky. Compared with the in situ measurement, both the retrieved total optical depth and the retrieved profile of the aerosol scattering coefficient below 30 km agree reasonably well with measurements.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: August 1, 1987
Published: December 1, 1988

Citation
Beiying Wu and Daren Lu, "Retrieval of stratospheric background aerosol scattering coefficient from twilight polarization measurements," Appl. Opt. 27, 4899-4906 (1988)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-27-23-4899


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K. Labitzke, B. Naujokat, “On the Effect of the Volcanic Eruptions of Mount Agung and El Chichon on the Temperature of the Stratosphere,” Geofiz. Int. 23-2, 223 (1984).
  2. D. G. Collins, W. G. Blattner, M. B. Wells, H. G. Horak, “Backward Monte Carlo Calculations of the Polarization Characteristics of the Radiation Emerging from Spherical-Shell Atmospheres,” Appl. Opt. 11, 2684 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. Wu, D. Lu, “Simulating the Characteristics of the Twilight Sky After a Volcanic Eruption by Monte-Carlo Method,” submitted to Atmos. Sci. (in Chinese).
  4. R. C. Whitten, Ed., The Stratospheric Aerosol Layer, Topics in Current Physics, Vol. 28 (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1982), p. 33. [CrossRef]
  5. K. L. Coulson, “Characteristics of Skylight at the Zenith During Twilight as Indicators of Atmospheric Turbidity. 1: Degree of Polarization,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3469 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. L. Coulson, “Characteristics of Skylight at the Zenith During Twilight as Indicators of Atmospheric Turbidity. 2: Intensity and Color Ratio,” Appl. Opt. 20, 1516 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. U.S. Standard Atmosphere, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Aeronautic and Space Administration, U.S. Air Force (1976).
  8. L. Elterman, “UV, Visible and IR Attenuation for Altitude to 50 km,” AFCRL-68-0153 (1968).
  9. D. Deirmendjian, Electromagnetic Scattering on Spherical Polydispersions (Elsevier, New York, 1969), p. 78.
  10. Handbook of Geophysics and Space Environments (1965), AFCRL.
  11. E. K. Bigg, “Size Distributions of Stratospheric Aerosols and Their Variations with Altitude and Time,” J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 1080 (1976). [CrossRef]
  12. T. J. Swissler, P. Hamill, M. Osborn, “A Comparison of Lidar and Balloon-Borne Particle Counter Measurements of the Stratospheric Aerosol 1974–1980,” J. Atmos. Sci. 39, 909 (1982). [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Hofmann, J. M. Rosen, “On the Background Stratospheric Aerosol Layer,” J. Atmos. Sci. 38, 168 (1981). [CrossRef]
  14. R. W. Fegley, H. T. Ellis, J. L. Heffter, “Volcanic Contributions to the Stratospheric Sulfate Layer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 19, 683 (1980). [CrossRef]
  15. G. Steinhorst, “Stratospheric Aerosol Concentration Determined by an Iterative Method from Twilight Polarization Measurements,” Contrib. Atmos. Phys. 50, 508 (1977).
  16. G. Dietze, “On the Aerosol Factor in the Twilight Method,” Pure Appl. Geophys. 77, 159 (1969). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited