OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 3 — Feb. 1, 1988
  • pp: 468–471

Characterization of ion-exchanged planar microlenses by ray tracing

Xiaofan Zhu and Kenichi Iga  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 3, pp. 468-471 (1988)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.27.000468


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (480 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

For the design and optimization of the fabrication condition of distributed-index planar microlenses, it is necessary to evaluate the N.A., focal length, focused spot, and aberration of a fabricated lens. In this paper, a ray tracing method is improved for this purpose, and properties of planar microlenses are evaluated. An ion concentration matrix is proposed to simplify lens design.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: March 31, 1987
Published: February 1, 1988

Citation
Xiaofan Zhu and Kenichi Iga, "Characterization of ion-exchanged planar microlenses by ray tracing," Appl. Opt. 27, 468-471 (1988)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-27-3-468


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Oikawa, K. Iga, T. Sanada, “Distributed-Index Planar Microlens Array Prepared from Deep Electromigration,” Electron. Lett. 17, 452 (1981). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Iga, S. Misawa, “Distributed-Index Planar Microlens and Stacked Planar Optics: a Review of Progress,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3388 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. D. Khoe, H. G. Kock, J. A. Luijendijk, C. H. J. van den Brekel, D. Küppers, “Plasma CVD Prepared SiO2/Si3N4 Graded Index Lenses Integrated in Windows of Laser Diode Packages,” in Technical Digest, Seventh European Conference on Optical Communication, Copenhagen (1981), pp. 7.6.1–4.
  4. Y. Koike, Y. Ohtsuka, “Gradient-Index Polymer Materials and Application to Optical Devices,” in Technical Digest, Seventh Topical Meeting on Gradient-Index Optical Imaging Systems, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper ThD1.
  5. K. Iga, M. Oikawa, S. Misawa, J. Banno, Y. Kokubun, “Stacked Planar Optics: an Application of the Planar Microlens,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3456 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Oikawa, K. Iga, T. Sanada, N. Yamamoto, K. Nishizawa, “Array of Distributed-Index Planar Microlenses Prepared from Ion Exchange Technique,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 20, L296 (1981). [CrossRef]
  7. X. Zhu, K. Iga, “Index Profile of a Planar Microlens by Ion Exchange/Diffusion,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3397 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Misawa, M. Oikawa, K. Iga, “Ray Tracing in a Distributed-Index Planar Microlens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, L589 (1982). [CrossRef]
  9. E. W. Marchand, Gradient Index Optics (Academic, New York, 1978), p. 100.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited