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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 3 — Feb. 1, 1988
  • pp: 480–485

Estimation of a planar microlens by oblique ray tracing

Shigeyoshi Misawa and Kenichi Iga  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 3, pp. 480-485 (1988)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.27.000480


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Abstract

Ray tracing for a planar microlens by solving a ray equation is performed. Off-axial dependence of spot size and wave aberration of fabricated planar microlens samples are estimated. A typical spherical aberration of the present planar microlenses at N.A. = 0.3 was 1.1λ. The curvature field was −0.7λ, and comatic aberration was 0.3λ for a tilted angle of 5° at 0.3 N.A. It was estimated that the field curvature and comatic aberration were dominant next to the spherical aberration.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: March 31, 1987
Published: February 1, 1988

Citation
Shigeyoshi Misawa and Kenichi Iga, "Estimation of a planar microlens by oblique ray tracing," Appl. Opt. 27, 480-485 (1988)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-27-3-480


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References

  1. S. Misawa, M. Oikawa, K. Iga, “Ray Tracing in a Distributed-Index Planar Microlens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, L589 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Misawa, M. Oikawa, K. Iga, “Ray Tracing in a Planar Microlens,” Optics 12, 467 (1983) (in Japanese).
  3. S. Misawa, M. Oikawa, K. Iga, “Measurement of Numerical Aperture of Planar Microlens by Far Field Pattern Method,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Gradient-Index Optical Imaging Systems (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper ThE-D4.
  4. N. Arai, “A New Calculation Method of Optical Path Length Through Gradient Index Media,” in Technical Digest, Fourth Topical Meeting on Gradient Index Optical Imaging Systems (Japanese Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1983), paper B5.
  5. W. H. Southwell, “Ray Tracing in Gradient-Index Media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 908 (1982). [CrossRef]
  6. E. W. Marchand, Gradient-Index Optics (Academic, New York, 1978), pp. 100.
  7. S. Misawa, M. Oikawa, K. Iga, “Maximum and Effective N.A. of Planar Microlens,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1784 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Iga, S. Misawa, “Distributed-Index Planar Microlens and Stacked Planar Optics: a Review of Progress,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3388 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Matsui, Method of Lens Design (Kyo-Ritsu Syuppan Press, Tokyo, 1972) (in Japanese).
  10. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1980), Sec. 5.1.

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