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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 3 — Feb. 1, 1988
  • pp: 508–515

Real-time index profile measurement during GRIN glass fabrication

Susan Houde-Walter and Duncan T. Moore  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 3, pp. 508-515 (1988)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.27.000508


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Abstract

A new instrument for measuring the evolution of index profiles during diffusion in hot (500°C) glass is presented. This instrument, called the oven interferometer, has a spatial resolution of 10 μm at 0.6471 μm and a phase resolution of λ/50. The development of index profiles with both time-dependent and constant boundary conditions is shown.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 18, 1987
Published: February 1, 1988

Citation
Susan Houde-Walter and Duncan T. Moore, "Real-time index profile measurement during GRIN glass fabrication," Appl. Opt. 27, 508-515 (1988)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-27-3-508


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References

  1. L. G. Atkinson, S. N. Houde-Walter, D. T. Moore, D. P. Ryan, J. M. Stagaman, “Design of a Gradient-Index Photographic Objective,” Appl. Opt. 21, 993 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. O. McLaughlin et al., “Design of a Gradient-Index Binocular Objective,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 237, 369 (1980).
  3. J. B. Caldwell et al., “Gradient-Index Binocular Objective Design,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3345 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. T. Moore, “Gradient-Index Optics: a Review,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1035 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion (Oxford U. P., London, 1956).
  6. R. H. Doremus, “Mixed-Alkali Effect and Interdiffusion of Na and K Ions in Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 57, 478 (1974). [CrossRef]
  7. S. N. Houde-Walter, D. T. Moore, “Delta-n Control in GRIN Glass by Additives in AgCl Diffusion Baths,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3373 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Misawa, M. Oikawa, K. Iga, “Maximum and Effective Numerical Apertures of a Planar Microlens,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1784 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Asahara, H. Sakai, S. Shingaki, S. Ohmi, S. Nakayama, K. Nakagawa, T. Izumitani, “One-Directional Gradient-Index Slab Lens,” Appl. Opt. 24, 4312 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. Okuda, I. Tanaka, T. Yamasaki, “Planar Gradient-Index Glass Waveguide and Its Applications to a 4-Port Branched Circuit and Star Coupler,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1745 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. T. Moore, D. P. Ryan, “Measurement of the Optical Properties of Gradient Index Materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1157 (1978). [CrossRef]
  12. J. J. Miceli, “Infrared Gradient Index Optics: Materials, Fabrication and Testing,” Doctoral Thesis, U. Rochester (1982).
  13. J. M. Stagaman, “Anamorphic Gradient Index Lens Systems,” Doctoral Thesis, U. Rochester (1985).
  14. H. L. Rutan, “Ultrasonic Machining Impact Grinding,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Fabrication and Testing (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper THD-A5.
  15. Code V by Optical Research Associates, Irvine, CA.
  16. D. T. Moore, “Gradient Index Optics: Aspects of Design, Testing, Tolerancing, and Fabrication,” Doctoral Thesis, U. Rochester (1974).
  17. P. O. McLaughlin, “Thermal Expansion and Temperature Dependence of the Refractive Index in Gradient Refractive Index Glasses,” Doctoral Thesis, U. Rochester (1982).
  18. S. N. Houde-Walter, “Gradient-Index Profile Control by Ion Exchange in Glass,” Doctoral Thesis, U. Rochester (1987).
  19. D. S. Kindred, D. T. Moore, “Fabrication and Testing of a Gradient Index Binocular Objective,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Gradient-Index Optical Imaging Systems (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1987), paper FB1.
  20. R. H. Doremus, “Diffusion in Non-Crystalline Silicates,” in Modern Aspects of the Vitreous State (Butterworths, London, 1962), Chap. 1.

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