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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 8 — Apr. 15, 1988
  • pp: 1558–1563

X-ray and optical profiler analysis of electroformed x-ray optics

Yutaka Matsui, Melville P. Ulmer, and Peter Z. Takacs  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 8, pp. 1558-1563 (1988)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.27.001558


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Abstract

Electroformed grazing incidence mirrors were tested with x rays and were measured with an optical profiler. Their total effective areas are ≳70% of the theoretical values both for 1.5- and 6.4-keV x rays. The half-power diameters (HPDs) are ≲2 min of arc at 1.5 keV. Comparing the x-ray test result with the optical measurement, we set requirements of high-frequency roughness <14 Å and a midfrequency roughness <70 Å for a HPD < 1.5 min of arc at 7 keV. We also present a design of the mirror array telescope for high energies (MARTHE) which has a total effective area of ~1000 cm2 for 7-keV x rays.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: August 18, 1987
Published: April 15, 1988

Citation
Yutaka Matsui, Melville P. Ulmer, and Peter Z. Takacs, "X-ray and optical profiler analysis of electroformed x-ray optics," Appl. Opt. 27, 1558-1563 (1988)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-27-8-1558


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References

  1. M. P. Ulmer, “Replication of Grazing Incidence Optics,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 149 (1986).
  2. O. Citterio et al., “Optics for the X-Ray Imaging Concentrators On Board of the X-Ray Astronomy Satellite SAX,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.830 (1987), in press.
  3. M. P. Ulmer, Y. Matsui, D. K. Bedford, G. M. Simnett, P. Z. Takacs, “Electroformed Grazing Incidence X-Ray Mirrors for a Mirror Array Telescope,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3852 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  9. E. L. Church, M. R. Howells, T. V. Vorburger, “Spectral Analysis of the Finish of Diamond-Turned Mirror Surfaces,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 315, 202 (1981).
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  11. R. J. Noll, P. E. Glenn, J. Osantowski, “Optical Surface Analysis Code (OSAC),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 362, 78 (1983).
  12. P. Z. Takacs, “Metrology of Reflection Optics for Synchrotron Radiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods in Phys. Res. A 246, 227 (1986). [CrossRef]
  13. R. Petre, P. J. Serlemitsos, “Design and Development of Conical X-Ray Imaging Mirrors,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 98 (1986).
  14. R. C. Catura, E. G. Joki, D. T. Roethig, W. J. Brookover, “Lacquer Coated X-Ray Optics,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 640, 140 (1986).
  15. O. Citterio, G. Conti, E. Mattaini, B. Sacco, E. Santambrogio, “Optics for X-Ray Concentrators On Board of the Astronomy Satellite SAX,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 579, 102 (1985).

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