OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 28, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1989
  • pp: 40–47

Radiant cured polymer optical waveguides on printed circuit boards for photonic interconnection use

Davis H. Hartman, Gail R. Lalk, James W. Howse, and Robert R. Krchnavek  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 28, Issue 1, pp. 40-47 (1989)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.28.000040


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1725 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report a simple technique for patterning channelized optical waveguides on standard electronic printed circuit card material. The technique exploits the abundance of transparent, radiant-curing polymer adhesives in the fiber optics and the dental industries. The process is compatible with standard printed circuit card fabrication processes; hence its applicability to optical interconnection scenarios. We report typical guide losses in the 0.4–0.6-dB/cm range. Measurements were made using an automated noninvasive, nondestructive technique, also briefly described here. Simple structures, such as splitters, bus lines, and 90° bends were fabricated and are described. Optical coupling to the waveguides from packaged devices is also discussed.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: July 7, 1988
Published: January 1, 1989

Citation
Davis H. Hartman, Gail R. Lalk, James W. Howse, and Robert R. Krchnavek, "Radiant cured polymer optical waveguides on printed circuit boards for photonic interconnection use," Appl. Opt. 28, 40-47 (1989)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-28-1-40


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. R. Haugen, S. Rychnovsky, A. Husain, L. D. Hutcheson, “Optical Interconnects for High Speed Computing,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1076 (1986). [CrossRef]
  2. M. K. Kilcoyne, S. Beccue, K. D. Pedrotti, R. Asotourian, R. Anderson, “Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits for High Speed Signal Processing,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1119 (1986). [CrossRef]
  3. D. H. Hartman, “Digital High Speed Interconnects: a Study of the Optical Alternative,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1086 (1986). [CrossRef]
  4. A. A. Sawchuck, “Optical Interconnection Systems for Digital Parallel Processors,” in Proceedings, Fall Computer Conference, Cat. No. 86CH2345-7 (1986).
  5. J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, T. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850 (1984). [CrossRef]
  6. P. W. Shumate, “Reliability Considerations for Optical Interconnections,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 703, 96 (1986).
  7. H. M. Presby, N. Amitay, F. V. DiMarcello, K. T. Nelson, “Optical Fiber Tapers at 1.3 μm for Self-Aligned Beam Expansion and Single-Mode Hardware,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1123 (1987). [CrossRef]
  8. K. Miura, I. Sawaki, H. Nakajima, “Low-Loss Single-Mode Plastic Waveguide Fabricated by Photopolymerization,” in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), pp. 58–61.
  9. R. R. Krchnavek, D. H. Hartman, J. W. Howse, “Laser Direct Writing of Optical Waveguide Structures,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper THI4.
  10. G. R. Lalk, D. H. Hartman, R. R. Krchnavek, “An Automated, Non-Destructive Technique for Measuring Optical Attenuation in Waveguides,” to be published.
  11. M. H. Reeve, M. C. Brierley, J. E. Midwinter, K. I. White, Opt. Quantum Electron. 8, 39 (1976). [CrossRef]
  12. N. Nourshargy, E. M. Starr, N. I. Fox, S. G. Jone, “Simple Technique for Measuring Attenuation of Integrated Optical Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 21, 818 (1985). [CrossRef]
  13. D. Wilson, J. Frich, J. Kwiat, J. Lo, J. Churchill, J. Barrera, “Package Study for High Speed (Ghz) Commercial GaAs Products,” in Technical Digest, GaAs I.C. Symposium (1982), pp. 13–16.
  14. D. H. Hartman, I. Ladany, G. R. Lalk, L. P. Quick, “Board Level High Speed Photonic Interconnections; Recent Technology Developments,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1988).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited